on this day 11/23


1765 – Frederick County, MD, repudiated the British Stamp Act.

1835 – Henry Burden patented the horseshoe manufacturing machine.

1889 – The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon.

1890 – Princess Wilhelmina became Queen of the Netherlands at the age of 10 when her father William III died.

1897 – Many patents are developed in response to the frustration involved in having to perform a repetitive task in order to complete a more important one. For John L. Love, this repetitive task was having to stop writing notes or letters in able to pull out his knife to whittle his pencil down to a point again. On November 23, 1897, Love patented the pencil sharpener blackfacts.com

1936 – The first edition of “Life” was published.

1943 – During World War II, U.S. forces seized control of Tarawa and Makin from the Japanese during the Central Pacific offensive in the Gilbert Islands.

1945 – The U.S. wartime rationing of most foods ended.

1948 – Dr. Frank G. Back patented the “Zoomar” lens.

1961 – The Dominican Republic changed the name of its capital from Ciudad Trujillo to Santo Domingo.

1971 – The People’s Republic of China was seated in the United Nations Security Council.

1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Thomas McMahon was sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Earl Mountbatten.

1980 – In southern Italy, approximately 4,800 people were killed in a series of earthquakes.

1983 – The first Pershing II missiles were deployed in West Germany. In response, the U.S.S.R. broke off International Nuclear Forces (INF) talks in Geneva.

1985 – Larry Wu-tai Chin, a retired CIA analyst, was arrested and accused of spying for China. He committed suicide a year after his conviction.

1985 – Gunmen hijacked an Egyptian jetliner en route from Athens to Cairo. The plane was forced to land in Malta.

1986 – In Manila, President Aquino dismissed Defense Minister Enrile.

1989 – Lucia Barrera de Cerna, a housekeeper who claimed she had witnessed the slaying of six Jesuit priests and two other people at the Jose Simeon Canas University in El Salvador, was flown to the U.S.

1991 – Yugoslavia’s rival leaders agreed to a new cease-fire, the 14th of the Balkan civil war.

1992 – The play “Someone Who’ll Watch Over Me” opened.

1994 – About 111 people, mostly women and children, were killed in a stampede after Indian police baton-charged tribal protesters in the western city of Nagpur. 

1998 – The tobacco industry signed the biggest U.S. civil settlement. It was a $206-billion deal to resolve remaining state claims for treating sick smokers. 

1998 – A U.S. federal judge rejected a Virginia county’s effort to block pornography on library computer calling the attempt unconstitutional.

2010 – North Korea shelled Yeonpyeong Island

2014 – The shooting of Tamir Rice, a 12-year-old African-American boy (June 25, 2002 – November 23, 2014), occurred on November 22, 2014, in Cleveland, Ohio. Two police officers, 26-year-old Timothy Loehmann and 46-year-old Frank Garmback, responded after receiving a police dispatch call “of a male black sitting on a swing and pointing a gun at people” in a city park blackfacts.com