1963 – Alabama Gov. George Wallace tries to block Integration at University of Alabama


Two African-American students were going to be enrolled at the University under a Federal Court order.

In June 1963, Alabama Gov. George Wallace refused to allow two black students to enter the University of Alabama forcing President Kennedy to use the National Guard to ensure the safety of the students. On June 11, President Kennedy made the decision to give a televised evening speech announcing his civil rights bill proposal.

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1776 – In America, the Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence from Britain.


On June 11, in 1776, the Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, named a five-member committee to draft a declaration of independence from Britain. Its members were Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman of Connecticut and Robert Livingston of New York

Adams suggested that Jefferson write the first draft. Adams and Franklin edited it and then gave their work to Congress on June 28 for review. It began:
“When, in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the Causes which impel them to the Separation.”

Congress set the draft aside to debate a resolution that Richard Henry Lee had introduced on June 7. His motion called on Congress to declare independence, form foreign alliances and prepare a plan of colonial confederation.

Lee’s proposal read: “Resolved that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”

source – Politico

1776 Congress appoints Committee of Five to draft the Declaration of Independence


Image result for draft of declaration of independenceOn this day in 1776, the Continental Congress selects Thomas Jefferson of VirginiaJohn Adams of MassachusettsBenjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman of Connecticut and Robert R. Livingston of New York to draft a declaration of independence.

Knowing Jefferson’s prowess with a pen, Adams urged him to author the first draft of the document, which was then carefully revised by Adams and Franklin before being given to Congress for review on June 28.

The revolutionary treatise began with reverberating prose:

When, in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the Causes which impel them to the Separation.

We hold these Truths to be self-evident that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.

1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.


Image result for dr king and lunch counter protests

In 1963, Dr. King was arrested at a rally in Birmingham, Ala. while protesting against segregation at lunch counters. The letter he wrote during his 11-day imprisonment argued that “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere,” and set the tone for the civil rights movement by inspiring like-minded people to join him in uniting against injustice. Image result for dr king and lunch counter protests

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Resources: southernstudies.olemiss.edu

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