1765 – In the U.S., The Stamp Act Congress met and drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.
1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte’s French forces began their retreat out of Russia after a month of chasing the retreating Russian army.
1814 – In Baltimore, MD, the first documented performance of “The Defence of Fort McHenry” with music took place at the Holliday Street Theatre. The work was later published under the title “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
1933 – Basketball was introduced to the 1936 Olympic Games by the Berlin Organization Committee.
1943 – The Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers began in Russia during World War II. Delegates from the U.S.S.R., Great Britain, the U.S., and China met to discuss war aims and cooperation between the nations.
1944 – The U.S. Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
1950 – The United Nations forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.
1951 – U.S. President Truman signed an act officially ending the state of war with Germany.
1960 – The United States imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.
1969 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew referred to anti-Vietnam War protesters “an effete corps of impudent snobs.”
1977 – The Concorde made its first landing in New York City.
1983 – The U.S. Senate approved a bill establishing a national holiday in honor of Martin Luther King Jr.
1984 – Four U.S. employees of the CIA were killed in El Salvador when their plane crashed.
1987 – The Dow Jones industrial average dropped 508 points. It was the worst one-day percentage decline, 22.6%, in history.
1989 – The U.S. Senate rejected a proposed constitutional amendment that barred the desecration of the American flag.
1993 – Benazir Bhutto was returned to the premiership of Pakistan.
1998 – In Washington, DC, Microsoft went on trial to defend against an antitrust case.
2003 – In London, magician David Blaine emerged from a clear plastic box that had been suspended by a crane over the banks of the Thames River. He survived only on water for 44 days. Blaine had entered the box on September 5.
2006 – The Dow Jones industrial average ended the day at 12,011.73. It was the first close above 12,000.
2009 – The international version of Amazon’s Kindle 2 was released.