1835 – Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.
1913 – Ford Motor Co. began using a new movable assembly line that ushered in the era of mass production.
1913 – The first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh, PA.
1919 – Lady Astor was sworn in as the first female member of the British Parliament.
1925 – The Locarno Pact finalized the treaties between World War I protagonists.
1934 – Sergei M. Kirov, a collaborator of Joseph Stalin, was assassinated at the Leningrad party headquarters.
1941 – In the U.S., the Civil Air Patrol was created. In April 1943 the Civil Air Patrol was placed under the jurisdiction of the Army Air Forces.
1942 – In the U.S., nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect.
1943 – In Teheran, leaders of the United States, the USSR and the United Kingdom met to reaffirm the goal set on October 30, 1943. The previous meeting called for an early establishment of an international organization to maintain peace and security.
1952 – In Denmark, it was announced that the first successful sex-change operation had been performed.
1959 – 12 countries, including the U.S. and USSR, signed a treaty that set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, which would be free from military activity.
1965 – An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began.
1969 – The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.
1984 – A remote-controlled Boeing 720 jetliner was deliberately crashed into California’s Mojave Desert to test an anti-flame fuel additive. The test proved to be disappointing.
1986 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan said he would welcome an investigation of the Iran-Contra affair if it were recommended by the Justice Department.
1987 – Construction began on the Channel Tunnel between the United Kingdom and France.
1987 – NASA announced four companies had been given contracts to help build a space station. The companies were Boeing Aerospace, G. E.’s Astro-Space Division, McDonnell Douglas Aeronautics, and Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International.
1989 – Dissidents in the Philippine military launched an unsuccessful coup against Corazon Aquino’s government.
1989 – East Germany’s Parliament abolished the Communist Party’s constitutional guarantee of supremacy.
1990 – Iraq accepted a U.S. offer to talk about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 – British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel finally met under the English Channel.
1991 – Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union.
1992 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin survived an impeachment attempt by hard-liners at the opening of the Russian Congress.
1994 – The U.S. Senate gave final congressional approval to the 124-nation General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
1998 – Exxon announced that it was buying Mobil for $73.7 billion creating the largest company in the world to date.