1519 – Envoys of Montezuma II attended the first Easter mass in Central America.
1547 – Charles V’s troops defeated the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the battle of Muhlburg.
1558 – Mary, Queen of Scotland, married the French dauphin, Francis.
1800 – The Library of Congress was established with a $5,000 allocation.
1805 – The U.S. Marines attacked and captured the town of Derna in Tripoli.
1833 – A patent was granted for first soda fountain.
1877 – Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
1877 – In the U.S., federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans. This was the end to the North’s post-Civil War rule in the South.
1884 – Otto von Bismarck cabled Cape Town that South Africa was now a German colony.
1889 – The Edison General Electric Company was organized.
1897 – William Price became the first to be named White House news reporter.
1898 – Spain declared war on the U.S., rejecting America’s ultimatum for Spain to withdraw from Cuba.
1915 – During World War I, the Ottoman Turkish Empire began the mass deportation of Armenians.
1916 – Irish nationalist launched the Easter Rebellion against British occupation forces. They were overtaken several days later.
1944 – The first B-29 arrived in China, over the Hump of the Himalayas.
1952 – Raymond Burr made his TV acting debut on the “Gruen Guild Playhouse” in an episode titled, “The Tiger.”
1953 – Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1955 – “X-Minus One,” a science fiction show, was first heard for the first time on NBC radio.
1961 – Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers struck out 18 batters becoming the first major-league pitcher to do so on two different occasions.
1961 – U.S. President Kennedy accepted “sole responsibility” following Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
1962 – MIT sent a TV signal by satellite for the first time.
1967 – Soviet astronaut Vladimir Komarov died when his craft crashed with a tangled parachute.
1967 – The newest Greek regime banned miniskirts.
1970 – The People’s Republic of China launched its first satellite.
1973 – Albert Sabin reported that herpesviruses were factors in nine kinds of cancer.
1974 – David Bowie released “Diamond Dogs.”
1989 – Thousands of students began striking in Beijing.
1990 – The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, FL. It was carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope.
1997 – The U.S. Senate ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention. The global treaty banned the development, production, storage and use of chemical weapons.
2000 – ABC-TV aired the TV movie “The Three Stooges.”
2003 – A U.S. official reported the North Korea had claimed to have nuclear weapons.
2015 – The Nasdaq Composite closed at a record high of 5092.09.
2015 – The S&P closed at a record high of 2117.69