On September 9, 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957.
Originally proposed by Attorney General Herbert Brownell, the Act marked the first occasion since Reconstruction that the federal government undertook significant legislative action to protect civil rights. Although influential southern congressman whittled down the bill’s initial scope, it still included a number of important provisions for the protection of voting rights. It established the Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department, and empowered federal officials to prosecute individuals that conspired to deny or abridge another citizen’s right to vote.
Moreover, it also created a six-member U.S. Civil Rights Commission charged with investigating allegations of voter infringement. But, perhaps most importantly, the Civil Rights Act of 1957 signaled a growing federal commitment to the cause of civil rights.
- It’s important to note, that the possible reason for a lack of support in the final Act by the democratic party was due to the bill being watered down by a “southern congressman”
as stated below by the Eisenhower site,
The final act was weakened by Congress due to lack of support among the Democrats.