1659 – William Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson became the first Quakers to be executed in America.
1787 – The first of the Federalist Papers were published in the New York Independent. The series of 85 essays, written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay, were published under the pen name “Publius.”
1795 – The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of San Lorenzo. The treaty is also known as “Pinckney’s Treaty.”
1858 – Roland Macy opened Macy’s Department Store in New York City. It was Macy’s eighth business adventure, the other seven failed.
1878 – The Manhattan Savings Bank in New York City was robbed of over $3,000,000. The robbery was credited to George “Western” Leslie even though there was not enough evidence to convict him, only two of his associates were convicted.
1904 – The New York subway system officially opened. It was the first rapid-transit subway system in America.
1925 – Fred Waller received a patent for water skis.
1927 – The first newsreel featuring sound was released in New York.
1954 – B.O. Davis Jr. became the first Black general in the U.S. Air Force. blackfacts.com
1978- President Carter signed Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill. blackfacts.com
1978 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.
1997 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 554.26 points. The stock market was shut down for the first time since the 1981 assassination attempt on U.S. President Reagan.
1998 – Disney’s “Lion King II: Simba’s Pride” was released on video.
Disney movies, music and books
2002 – The Anaheim Angels won their first World Series. They beat the San Francisco Giants in Game 7 of the series.
2002 – Emmitt Smith (Dallas Cowboys) became the all-time leading rusher in the NFL when he extended his career yardage to 16,743. He achieved the record in his 193rd game. He also scored his 150th career touchdown.
2002 – Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was elected president of Brazil in a runoff. He was the country’s first elected leftist leader.
2003 – Bank of America Corp. announced it had agreed to buy FleetBoston Financial Corp. The deal created the second largest banking company in the U.S.