1775 – During the American Revolution, U.S. forces captured Montreal.
1789 – Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a friend in which he said, “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”
1805 – Johann George Lehner, a Viennese butcher, invented a recipe and called it the “frankfurter.”
1894 – A. C. Richardson, a black inventor, invented the casket lowering device, patent#529,311 blackfacts.com
1913 – The first Black elected to the American College of Surgeons was Dr. Daniel Hale Williams who was also the first person to perform open heart surgery. blackfacts.com
1927 – The Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.
1933 – In Austin, MN, the first sit-down labor strike in America took place.
1940 – On this day, the Supreme Court ruled in Hansberry v. Lee that whites can’t bar African Americans from white neighborhoods blackfacts.com
1940 – The Walt Disney movie “Fantasia” had its world premiere at New York’s Broadway Theater.
Disney movies, music and books
1942 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
1956 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
1971 – The U.S. spacecraft Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, Mars.
1977 – The comic strip “Li’l Abner” by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.
1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC.
1984 – A libel suit against Time, Inc. by former Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon went to trial in New York.
1986 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly acknowledged that the U.S. had sent “defensive weapons and spare parts” to Iran. He denied that the shipments were sent to free hostages, but that they had been sent to improve relations.
1991 – Roger Clemens won his third Cy Young Award for the American League.
1994 – Sweden voted to join the European Union.
1995 – Greg Maddox (Atlanta Braves) became the first major league pitcher to win four consecutive Cy Young Awards.
1997 – Iraq expelled six U.N. arms inspectors that were U.S. citizens.
2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush signed an executive order that would allow for military tribunals to try any foreigners captured with connections to the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. It was the first time since World War II that a president had taken such action.
2006 – A deal was finalized for Google Inc. to acquire YouTube for $1.65 million in Google stock.
2009 – NASA announced that water had been discovered on the moon. The discovery came from the planned impact on the moon of the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS).