E. June Smith – Women’s History Month


JUNE SMITH: INFLUENTIAL CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT LEADER IN SEATTLE
POSTED BY JAE JONES – MARCH 14, 2022 – BLACK WOMENHISTORYLATEST POSTS

Smith was born was born in Cairo, Illinois in 1900 and worked as a secretary in St. Louis. She arrived in Seattle with her husband Roscoe O. Smith, a railroad porter, in 1941.

After her arrival in the city, Smith found work as an insurance agent. In 1948, she co-founded the Beta Kappa Chapter of Iota Phi Lambda Sorority, a business and professional organization.

Smith became deeply involved in civil rights activities along with Philip Burton, a local attorney who initiated suits against discriminatory practices in the city. By the late 1950s, Smith was serving as a member on the executive committee of the Seattle chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and became eventually became its president in 1963, a position she held for five years.

While serving as president of the NAACP Seattle chapter, Smith aroused the consciousness of the city through direct action campaigns. Partnering with the Seattle branch of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and CACRC in 1965, Smith organized and led to the King County Courthouse steps a protest march that attracted an interracial group of approximately 600 people.

During her second term as head of the Seattle NAACP in 1966, Smith directly challenged the Seattle School Board by launching a bold plan to persuade parents and their children to boycott Seattle schools in protest of the slow pace of the School Board’s inaction on school desegregation.

Smith called on parents to keep their children out of school on March 31 and April 1 to drive attention to the board’s continued segregation of black students. Uncertain of how many parents would participate in the march, Smith signed up parents to register their children as they arrived for regular school. Smith also helped found the NAACP credit union. Smith died on February 9, 1982, in Seattle. She was 82.

source:

E. June Smith (1900-1982)

history… march 16


1190 – The Crusaders began the massacre of Jews in York, England.

1521 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. He was killed the next month by natives.

1527 – The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha in India.

1621 – Samoset walked into the settlement of Plymouth Colony, later Plymouth, MA. Samoset was a native from the Monhegan tribe in Maine who spoke English.

1802 – The U.S. Congress established the West Point Military Academy in New York.

1836 – The Republic of Texas approved a constitution.

1850 – The novel “The Scarlet Letter,” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was published for the first time.

1871 – The State of Delaware enacted the first fertilizer law.

1882 – The U.S. Senate approved a treaty allowing the United States to join the Red Cross.

1883 – Susan Hayhurst graduated from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. She was the first woman pharmacy graduate.

1907 – The world’s largest cruiser, the British Invincible was completed at Glasgow.

1908 – China released the Japanese steamship Tatsu Maru.

1909 – Cuba suffered its first revolt only six weeks after the inauguration of Gomez.

1913 – The 15,000-ton battleship Pennsylvania was launched at Newport News, VA.

1915 – The Federal Trade Commission began operation.

1917 – Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne.

1918 – Tallulah Bankhead made her New York acting debut with a role in “The Squab Farm.”

1926 – Physicist Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fuel rocket.

1928 – The U.S. planned to send 1,000 more Marines to Nicaragua.

1935 – Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament and violated the Versailles Treaty.

1939 – Germany occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia.

1945 – Iwo Jima was declared secure by the Allies. However, small pockets of Japanese resistance still existed.

1946 – Algerian nationalist leader Ferhat Abbas was freed after spending a year in jail.

1946 – India called British Premier Attlee’s independence off contradictory and a propaganda move.

1947 – Martial law was withdrawn in Tel Aviv.

1950 – Congress voted to remove federal taxes on oleomargarine.

1964 – Paul Hornung and Alex Karras were reinstated to the NFL after an 11-month suspension for betting on football games.

1964 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson submitted a $1 billion war on poverty program to Congress.

1968 – U.S. troops in Vietnam destroyed a village consisting mostly of women and children. The event is known as the My-Lai massacre.

1978 – Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped by left-wing urban guerrillas. Moro was later murdered by the group.

1982 – Russia announced they would halt their deployment of new nuclear missiles in Western Europe.

1984 – Mozambique and South Africa signed a pact banning the support for one another’s internal enemies.

1984 – William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen. He died while in captivity.

1985 – “A Chorus Line” played its 4,000 performance.

1985 – Terry Anderson, an Associated Press newsman, was taken hostage in Beirut. He was released in December 4, 1991.

1987 – “Bostonia” magazine printed an English translation of Albert Einstein’s last high school report card.

1988 – Indictments were issued for Lt. Colonel Oliver North, Vice Admiral John Poindexter of the National Security Council, and two others for their involvement in the Iran-Contra affair.

1988 – Mickey Thompson and his wife Trudy were shot to death in their driveway. Thompson, known as the “Speed King,” set nearly 500 auto speed endurance records including being the first person to travel more than 400 mph on land.

1989 – In the U.S.S.R., the Central Committee approved Gorbachev’s agrarian reform plan.

1989 – The Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee approved large-scale agricultural reforms and elected the party’s 100 members to the Congress of People’s Deputies.

1993 – In France, ostrich meat was officially declared fit for human consumption.

1994 – Tonya Harding pled guilty in Portland, OR, to conspiracy to hinder prosecution for covering up the attack on her skating rival Nancy Kerrigan. She was fined $100,000. She was also banned from amateur figure skating.

1994 – Russia agreed to phase out production of weapons-grade plutonium.

1995 – NASA astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to visit the Russian space station Mir.

1998 – Rwanda began mass trials for 1994 genocide with 125,000 suspects for 500,000 murders.

1999 – The 20 members of the European Union’s European Commission announced their resignations amid allegations of corruption and financial mismanagement.

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