1789 – The first Supreme Court is established


The Judiciary Act of 1789 is passed by Congress and signed by President George Washington, establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal made up of six justices who were to serve on the court until death or retirement. That day, President Washington nominated John Jay to preside as chief justice, and John Rutledge, William Cushing, John Blair, Robert Harrison and James Wilson to be associate justices. On September 26, all six appointments were confirmed by the U.S. Senate.

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The U.S. Supreme Court was established by Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution granted the Supreme Court ultimate jurisdiction over all laws, especially those in which their constitutionality was at issue. The high court was also designated to oversee cases concerning treaties of the United States, foreign diplomats, admiralty practice and maritime jurisdiction. On February 1, 1790, the first session of the U.S. Supreme Court was held in New York City’s Royal Exchange Building.

For the complete article: history.com

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Citation Information

Article Title

The first Supreme Court is established

AuthorHistory.com Editors

Website Name

HISTORY

URL

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-first-supreme-court

Access Date

September 24, 2022

Publisher

A&E Television Networks

Last Updated

September 21, 2021

Original Published Date

November 24, 2009