1684 – Japan’s shogun Yoshimune Tokugawa was born.
1701 – Anders Celsius was born in Sweden. He was the inventor of the Celsius thermometer.
1779 – The College of Pennsylvania became the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first legally recognized university in America.
1839 – The American Statistical Association was founded in Boston.
1889 – Curtis P. Brady was issued the first permit to drive an automobile through Central Park in New York City.
1901 – The Army War College was established in Washington, DC.
1910 – New York’s Pennsylvania Station opened.
1939 – The play “Key Largo,” by Maxwell Anderson, opened in New York.
1951 – Hosea Richardson became the first black horse racing jockey to be licensed in Florida.
1963 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress.
1970 – Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was attacked at the Manila airport by a Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
1973 – The U.S. Senate voted to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president after the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew.
1978 – San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were shot to death inside City Hall by Dan White, a former supervisor.
1980 – Dave Williams (Chicago Bears) became the first player in NFL history to return a kick for touchdown in overtime.
1983 – 183 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 crashed near Barajas airport in Madrid.
1985 – The British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consulting role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.
1987 – French hostages Jean-Louis Normandin and Roger Auque were set free by their pro-Iranian captors in West Beirut, Lebanon.
1989 – 107 people were killed when a bomb destroyed a Colombian jetliner minutes after the plane had taken off from Bogota’s international airport. Police blamed the incident on drug traffickers.
1991 – The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution that led the way for the establishment of a UN peacekeeping operation in Yugoslavia.
1992 – In Venezuela, rebel forces tried but failed to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in ten months.
2008 – The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) was taken out of service after more than 30 years. The ship was launched on September 20, 1967.