the Senate CONGRESS 4/27 the House


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The Senate stands adjourned until 3:00pm on Monday, April 27, 2015.

Following any Leader remarks, the Senate will resume consideration of H.R.1191, the Iran Congressional Review Act. At 5:00pm, the Senate will enter Executive Session to consider Executive Calendar # 75, the nomination of Dava J. Newman, of Massachusetts, to be Deputy Administrator of NASA. There will be 30 minutes of debate equally divided prior to a vote on confirmation of the nomination. If all time is used, the vote would occur at 5:30pm.

 

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Last Floor Action:
2:55:12 P.M. – The House adjourned pursuant to a previous special order.

The next meeting is scheduled for 8:00 p.m. on April 27, 2015.

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the Senate CONGRESS 4/23 the House


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WRAP UP

Roll Call Votes

  1. Motion to invoke cloture on Executive Calendar #21, Loretta E. Lynch, of New York, to be Attorney General; invoked: 66-34.
  2. Confirmation of Executive Calendar #21, Loretta E. Lynch, of New York, to be Attorney General; confirmed: 56-43.

Legislative Business

Adopted S.Res.149, recognizing the importance and inspiration of the Hubble Space Telescope.

Adopted S.Res.150, expressing the sense of the Senate about the importance of effective civic and government education programs in schools in the United States.

Adopted S.Res.151, supporting the goals and ideals of National Safe Digging Month.

Agreed to S.Con.Res.3, authorizing the use of Emancipation Hall in the Capitol Visitor Center for an event to celebrate the birthday of King Kamehameha I.

Agreed to H.Con.Res.21, authorizing the use of the Capitol Grounds for the Greater Washington Soap Box Derby.

Agreed to H.Con.Res.25, authorizing the use of the Capitol Grounds for the National Peace Officers Memorial Service and the National Honor Guard and Pipe Band Exhibition.

 

Executive Business

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Last Floor Action: 4/23
2:55:12 P.M. – The House adjourned pursuant to a previous special order.

The next meeting is scheduled for 8:00 p.m. on April 27, 2015.


9:00:35 A.M. The House convened, starting a new legislative day.
9:00:50 A.M. The Speaker designated the Honorable Rob Woodall to act as Speaker pro tempore for today.
9:01:07 A.M. Today’s prayer was offered by Reverend Terry Ribble, Grace Bible Church, Dunmore, Pennsylvania
9:02:15 A.M. The Speaker announced approval of the Journal. Pursuant to clause 1, rule I, the Journal stands approved.
9:02:19 A.M. PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE – The Chair designated Ms. Wasserman Schultz to lead the Members in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.
9:02:35 A.M. ONE MINUTE SPEECHES – The House proceeded with one minute speeches which by direction of the Chair, would be limited to 5 per side of the aisle.
9:14:23 A.M. H.R. 1731 Considered under the provisions of rule H. Res. 212. H.R. 1731 — “To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to enhance multi-directional sharing of information related to cybersecurity risks and strengthen privacy and civil liberties protections, and for other purposes.”
9:14:28 A.M. H.R. 1731 Previous question shall be considered as ordered except motion to recommit with or without instructions. Debate for both bills shall not exceed one hour. After general debate, both bills shall be considered for amendment under the five-minute rule. All points of order against the bills and amendments are waived. Only amendments printed in the report from the committee on rules are in order.
9:15:46 A.M. H.R. 1731 House resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union pursuant to H. Res. 212 and Rule XVIII.
9:15:47 A.M. H.R. 1731 The Speaker designated the Honorable Rob Woodall to act as Chairman of the Committee.
9:15:55 A.M. H.R. 1731 GENERAL DEBATE – The Committee of the Whole proceeded with one hour of general debate on H.R. 1731.
9:15:56 A.M. H.R. 1731 The Committee of the Whole rose informally to receive a message from the Senate.
9:16:56 A.M. H.R. 1731 Subsequently, the Committee resumed it’s sitting.
9:43:07 A.M. The House received a message from the Senate. The Senate passed S. 178.
9:59:42 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. McCaul, numbered 1 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to make technical corrections and further clarifies the provisions of the bill.
10:00:24 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the McCaul part B amendment No. 1.
10:03:42 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the McCaul amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:05:09 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. Ratcliffe, numbered 2 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to amend Section 226 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 by refining the definition of cyber “incident” to explicitly restrict information sharing to incidents that are directly related to protecting information systems.
10:06:25 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Ratcliffe part B amendment No. 2.
10:08:56 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Ratcliffe amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:09:32 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. Langevin, numbered 3 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to clarify that the term “cybersecurity risk” does not apply to actions solely involving violations of consumer terms of service or consumer licensing agreements.
10:09:33 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Langevin part B amendment No. 3.
10:16:33 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Langevin amendment Agreed to by voice vote.
10:16:50 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Ms. Jackson Lee, numbered 4 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to ensure that federal agencies supporting cybersecurity efforts of private sector entities remain current on innovation; industry adoption of new technologies; and industry best practices as they relate to industrial control systems.
10:17:36 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Jackson Lee part B amendment no. 4.
10:23:16 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Jackson Lee amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:23:37 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. Castro (TX), numbered 5 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to make self-assessment tools available to small and medium-sized businesses to determine their level of cybersecurity readiness.
10:24:24 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Castro(TX) part B amendment no. 5.
10:28:10 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Castro (TX) amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:28:23 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. Castro (TX), numbered 6 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to codify the establishment of the National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium (NCPC) made up of university partners and other stakeholders who proactively coordinate to assist state and local officials in cyber security preparation and prevention of cyber attacks.
10:29:36 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Castro(TX) part B amendment no. 6.
10:33:44 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Castro (TX) amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:33:59 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. Hurd (TX), numbered 7 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to authorize the existing Einstein 3A (E3A) program.
10:34:42 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Hurd part B amendment no. 7.
10:38:11 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Hurd (TX) amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:38:26 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Mr. Mulvaney, numbered 8 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to sunset the provisions of the bill after 7 years.
10:38:59 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Mulvaney(SC) part B amendment No. 8.
10:46:03 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Mulvaney amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:46:25 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Ms. Hahn, numbered 9 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to direct the Secretary of Homeland Security to submit a report to Congress containing assessments of risks and shortfalls along with recommendations regarding cybersecurity at most at risk ports.
10:47:50 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Hahn part B amendment No. 9.
10:50:59 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Hahn amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
10:51:24 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Ms. Jackson Lee, numbered 10 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to provide for a Government Accountability Office (GAO) report to Congress 5 years after enactment to assess the impact of this act on privacy and civil liberties.
10:51:54 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Jackson Lee part B amendment No. 10.
10:54:54 A.M. H.R. 1731 POSTPONED PROCEEDINGS – At the conclusion of debate on the Jackson Lee part B amendment No. 10, the Chair put the question on adoption of the amendment and by voice vote, announced that the ayes had prevailed. Mr. McCaul demanded a recorded vote and the Chair postponed further proceedings on the question of adoption of the amendment until a time to be announced.
10:55:22 A.M. H.R. 1731 An amendment, offered by Ms. Jackson Lee, numbered 11 printed in Part B of House Report 114-88 to require a report to Congress on the best means for aligning federally funded cybersecurity research and development with private sector efforts to protect privacy and civil liberties while assuring security and resilience of the Nation’s critical infrastructure.
10:56:12 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, the Committee of the Whole proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Jackson Lee part B amendment No. 11.
10:58:38 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Jackson Lee amendment; Agreed to by voice vote.
11:31:09 A.M. H.R. 1731 On agreeing to the Jackson Lee amendment; Agreed to by recorded vote: 405 – 8 (Roll no. 171).
11:31:25 A.M. H.R. 1731 The House rose from the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union to report H.R. 1731.
11:32:31 A.M. H.R. 1731 The previous question was ordered pursuant to the rule.
11:32:46 A.M. H.R. 1731 The House adopted the amendment in the nature of a substitute as agreed to by the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.
11:33:54 A.M. H.R. 1731 Mr. Israel moved to recommit with instructions to the Committee on Homeland Security.
11:36:25 A.M. H.R. 1731 DEBATE – The House proceeded with 10 minutes of debate on the Israel motion to recommit H.R. 1731 with instructions, pending reservation of a point of order. The instructions contained in the motion seek to require the bill to be reported back to the House with an amendment to require the Secretary of Homeland Security to prioritize the sharing of cyber threat indicators and defensive measures in the following areas: (1) the security of critical infrastructure, including the electrical grid, nuclear power plants, oil and gas pipelines, financial services, and transportation systems; (2) the protection of intellectual property of U.S. corporations, including small and medium sized businesses; and (3) the privacy and property rights of at-risk Americans, including medical records. Subsequently, the reservation of a point of order was withdrawn.
11:45:17 A.M. H.R. 1731 The previous question on the motion to recommit with instructions was ordered without objection.
11:54:46 A.M. H.R. 1731 On motion to recommit with instructions Failed by recorded vote: 180 – 238 (Roll no. 172).
12:04:43 P.M. H.R. 1731 On passage Passed by recorded vote: 355 – 63 (Roll no. 173).
12:04:44 P.M. H.R. 1731 Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
12:05:18 P.M. H.R. 1731 ENGROSSMENT INSTRUCTION – Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, in the engrossment of H.R. 1560, the text of H.R. 1731 as passed by the House is appended to the end of H.R. 1560 as new matter.
12:05:24 P.M. H.R. 1731 Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 212, H.R. 1731 is laid on the table.
12:06:46 P.M. H.R. 637 COSPONSOR AUTHORITY – Mr. Paulsen asked unanimous consent that he may hereafter be considered as the first sponsor of H.R. 637, a bill originally introduced by Rep. Schock of Illinois, for the purpose of adding cosponsors and requesting reprintings pursuant to clause 7 of rule XII. Agreed to without objection.
12:07:45 P.M. COLLOQUY ON UPCOMING SCHEDULE – The Chair recognized Rep. Hoyer for one minute to yield to Rep. McCarthy (CA)for the purpose of discussing the schedule for the House in the upcoming week.
12:25:50 P.M. Mr. McCarthy asked unanimous consent That when the House adjourns on Thursday, Apr. 23, 2015, it adjourn to meet at 8 p.m. on Monday, Apr. 27, 2015. Agreed to without objection.
12:25:51 P.M. Mr. McCarthy asked unanimous consent That when the House adjourns on Tuesday, Apr. 28, 2015, it adjourn to meet at 9 a.m. on Wednesday, Apr. 29, 2015. Agreed to without objection.
12:26:37 P.M. ONE MINUTE SPEECHES – The House proceeded with further one minute speeches.
12:35:53 P.M. SPECIAL ORDER SPEECHES – The House has concluded all anticipated legislative business and has proceeded to Special Order speeches.
2:55:03 P.M. Mr. Rohrabacher moved that the House do now adjourn.
2:55:11 P.M. On motion to adjourn Agreed to by voice vote.
2:55:12 P.M. The House adjourned pursuant to a previous special order. The next meeting is scheduled for 8:00 p.m. on April 27, 2015.

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the Senate ~~~ CONGRESS 4/17 ~~~ the House


demsVrepubThe Senate stands adjourned until 2:00pm on Monday, April 20, 2015.

Following any Leader remarks, the Senate will resume consideration of S.178, Justice for Victims of Human Trafficking. At 5:00pm, the Senate will enter Executive Session to consider Executive Calendar #24, George C. Hanks, Jr., of Texas, to be US District Judge for the Southern District of Texas. There will be 30 minutes for debate equally divided and upon the use or yielding back of time (approximately 5:30pm) the Senate will vote on confirmation of the nomination.

As a reminder, during Thursday’s session, the Senate reached an agreement that at a time to be determined by the Majority Leader, with concurrence of the Democratic Leader, the Senate proceed to vote on the motion to proceed to Calendar #54, S.615, the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act.

Monday, April 20 at 5:30pm—1 roll call vote

  1. Confirmation of Executive Calendar #24, George C. Hanks Jr., of Texas, to be US District Judge for the Southern District of Texas

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Last Floor Action:
10:33:02 A.M. – The Speaker announced that the House do now adjourn.

The next meeting is scheduled for 2:00 p.m. on April 20, 2015.

10:30:39 A.M. The House convened, starting a new legislative day.
10:30:53 A.M. The Speaker designated the Honorable Charles W. Boustany Jr. to act as Speaker pro tempore for today.
10:31:08 A.M. Today’s prayer was offered by the House Chaplain, Rev. Patrick J. Conroy.
10:32:19 A.M. The Speaker announced approval of the Journal. Pursuant to clause 1, rule I, the Journal stands approved.
10:32:27 A.M. PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE – The Chair led the House in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.
10:33:02 A.M. The Speaker announced that the House do now adjourn. The next meeting is scheduled for 2:00 p.m. on April 20, 2015.

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Audubon day … April 26


Birds of America
April 26 is
Audubon daymockingbird

by Slayer

John James Audubon (1785-1851) was America’s foremost ornithological illustrator. After studying drawing in Paris under the French painter Jacques Louis David, Audubon struggled for many years to make a living from his art, shuttling back and forth between Europe and the United States and supplementing his income by giving drawing lessons, turning out portraits, playing the flute or violin at local dances, and at one time running a general store.

In 1820 he began a flatboat excursion down the Mississippi River to seek out new varieties of birds to paint. Eventually he had enough bird portraits to publish in book form. Birds of America, produced with the help of engraver Robert Havell, Jr., contains 435 hand-colored plates and was published in “elephant folio” format to accommodate the life-sized portrayals of birds on which Audubon insisted.

After his death in 1851, Audubon’s wife Lucy returned to teaching to support herself. One of her students, George Bird Grinnell, became the editor of Forest and Stream magazine and in 1886 organized the Audubon Society for the study and protection of birds. Today there are many branches of this organization, known as the National Audubon Society, and it remains dedicated to the conservation of wildlife and natural resources. Its members honor Audubon on his birthday, April 26. In some states, Audubon Day and Arbor Day are celebrated together by planting trees in bird sanctuaries.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/audubon-day#ixzz1t9SHCcAV

This Could Be Gerrymandering


By

The Supreme Court Gives a Second Chance to Opponents of North Carolina’s Redistricting Plan

The Supreme Court gave good news to opponents of North Carolina’s gerrymandered redistricting map — and supporters of representative government! — yesterday. The high court ordered that North Carolina take another look at a challenge to the state’s election map. In December, the North Carolina Supreme Court upheld a redistricting map drawn by the Republican legislature that packs African-American voters into a few districts, diluting the overall power of their vote. The Supreme Court did not issue a formal decision on the case, but the justices ordered the state supreme court to reexamine the case, which is an important first step in ensuring that the state’s election maps are fairly considered.

African American voters in North Carolina saw a drastic change in representation after the 2010 census, when the map in question was drawn. Before 2011, North Carolina had ten majority black state House districts. After, the number more than doubled to 23. Concentrating black voters into a handful of districts dilutes the group’s voting strength by increasing the proportion of white voters in other districts. For example, in 2012, while more than half of North Carolina voters voted for Democratic representation in the U.S. House of Representatives, Republicans filled about 70 percent of the seats.

Much controversy surrounds the drawing of North Carolina’s redistricting maps. Through a project called the Redistricting Majority Project, the Republican State Leadership Committee (RSLC), worked with many states, including North Carolina, to draw election maps that would rig the game in their favor.

The RSLC was looking to influence the outcome of these gerrymandered maps in other ways as well. The group was by far the largest contributor in the last two North Carolina Supreme Court races, which both took place after this court case was filed and while the appeal was pending, calling into question the partiality of the court’s decision. The Center for American Progress looks deeper into the influence of the RSLC and other conservative groups on judicial races and looks at some of the return on investments these groups are getting.
Yesterday’s decision represents some momentum for advocates of good government. It built off of a similar ruling on Alabama’s election map that the court handed down in March. The Alabama decision asked a lower court to consider whether concentrating minority voters into a handful of districts could violate the Voting Rights Act by limiting the number of districts in which minorities could influence elections. These two orders from the Supreme Court are a good sign that the highest court is taking a harder look at racial gerrymandering.

BOTTOM LINE: The Supreme Court’s order to revive the challenge to North Carolina’s unfair election map is a step in the right direction. Fixing the state’s election map is just one of many steps that will need to be taken to ensure that conservatives cannot continue stacking the deck in their favor by suppressing the voice of others.

#Mid-terms Matter ~~ Packing & Cracking


Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), American statesman

Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), American statesman (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1st posted over a year ago 4/2013

Time for the DOJ to deal with this nonsense! old outdated complicit relationships that need to change

It is time to take Republicans onto the floor of Congress and wipe up the floor with their ideologies.

just another rant …

The things on my mind while Congress continues to take a few days here there … on vacation … a congressional recess

 Hopefully members of Congress have heard their constituents voices about Gun Safety, understand that  ACA is the law of the land,  respect Women and their reproductive rights, find courage to end governmental shutdowns, find the compassion to implement save or reform Paycheck Fairness, Immigration and Medicaid just to name a few. Lest we forget that Republican Governors continue to pass, ridiculous Family Values bills while squashing social service programs for the poor.

I also hope the constant racial comments by people voted into Public Office, which, sadly is slurped up by people who seem to be listening and following like lemmings  not only affects people of colour ends. It shows the World how primitive we truly are while our constitution, civil and human right achievements seem like documents and sensibilities with absolutely no value or power.  The public needs to stay informed; elections suffice it to say have consequences. The fact is midterm elections are just as important as the National Elections, especially in years when gerrymandering or as they say ,when redistricting goes into full effect which lumps, separates, destroys diverse communities and robs some of their voting rights allowing more extreme tea party members onto the Congressional floor.

~~ Nativegrl77

The information below is a history and timeline regarding the Census and Gerrymandering or Packing & Cracking

In December 1975, the Congress passed Public Law (P.L.) 94-171. This law requires the Census Bureau to make special preparations to provide redistricting data to the 50 states no later than April 1 of the year following a census (so April 1, 2011, for the 2010 Census). P.L. 94-171 specifies that within 1 year of Census Day, the Census Bureau must send each state the small-area data the state will need to redraw districts for the state legislature.

P.L. 94-171 sets up a voluntary program between the Census Bureau and those states that wish to receive population tabulations for voting districts and other state-specified geographic areas.

Under this program, those responsible for the legislative apportionment or redistricting of each state may devise a plan identifying the voting districts for which they want the specific tabulations and submit it to the Census Bureau.

Beginning in 2005, the Redistricting Data Office of the Census Bureau met with state officials in 46 states. These meetings explained the timeline and programs available for the 2010 Census, providing states the time to prepare and allocate resources in advance of the census. The states also provided the Census Bureau with valuable feedback on census program planning.

The 2010 Census Redistricting Data Program is a five-phase program. During Phase 1 (2005–2006), the Census Bureau collected state legislative district boundaries and associated updates to tabulate legislative districts. This phase also included an aggressive 2010 Census communications plan, with visits to state capitals, to make sure the states were informed and prepared for the upcoming census.

Phase 2 (2008–2010) consisted of the Voting District/Block Boundary Suggestion Project (VTD/BBSP) in which states received TIGER/Line® shapefiles and the MAF/TIGER Partnership Software (MTPS) to electronically collect voting district boundaries, feature updates, suggested block boundaries, and corrected state legislative district boundaries. Both Phase 1 and Phase 2 are voluntary programs that include a step where the state verifies the submitted data.

Phase 3 constitutes the delivery of the data for the 2010 Census. The Census Bureau will deliver the geographic and data products to the majority and minority leadership in the state legislatures, the governors, and any designated P.L. 94-171 liaisons. Once bipartisan receipt of the data is confirmed, the data will be made available online to the public within 24 hours through the American FactFinder. For this census, the P.L. 94-171 data will include population counts for small areas within each state, as well as housing occupied/vacancy counts.

After the Census Bureau provides the data, the states will begin their redistricting. States are responsible for delineating their own congressional and legislative boundaries and their legislatures. Legislatures, secretaries of state, governors, and/or redistricting commissions carry out the process.  

Go to www.census.gov for the complete article …

Republicans on the floor of Congress continue to stall, block, scale down bills, and or add nasty amendments no one could vote for in good faith while providing misinformation and misinterpretation to the public any chance they can. We the People, cannot afford to vote for politicians who put Political Party and Money over doing the People’s business; though Republicans would have the public believe it is in our best interest. We must remember that Speaker Boehner said, his main concern was jobs jobs jobs among other things… the question is how many jobs bills did Republicans bring to the floor, how many Senate jobs bills were rejected and how many awful amendments were attached. Yes, this voter is biased, but I don’t think it’s in the best interest of Americans to side with the party of no; people need to make the effort to listen to what and how bills are handled by Republicans.

We need and must move into the 21st Century if we plan to get back on track and to do so Republicans must accept that PBO won a second term, has earned the right to govern … Americans … 53% of us said YES to his ideas, policies and desire to move forward.

However …

Instead, POTUS continues to spend time on cleaning up the crap the House of Bush left …Sadly,  we will never ever know exactly what all Barack Obama had planned for our country,but if you dissect the moves the votes the actions of Republican members of Congress … you might think hmmm was this the intent?

Contrary to what went on in both Chambers of Congress, it is obvious that this is NOT what President Elect Barack Obama had in mind when he ran for office ~~ Think about it,  Republican leaders met& decided to be the Party of NO. POTUS either gets no reporting on his accomplishments or has to battle with the Media and it hasn’t been POTUS friendly reporting! I ask folks to contrast&compare it to the primaries because the media gained the reputation of having a love fest with Obama … that ended asap

For your information, wiki states, “Gerrymandering is effective because of the wasted vote effect.

So, what does Packing and Cracking mean to you …

~~ Nativegrl77

~ Packing opposition voters into districts (concentrate as many voters of one type -( maybe party&race ) means they already win and by …

~ Cracking the remainder among districts where they are moved into the minority (increasing votes for eventual losers), the number of wasted votes among the opposition can be maximized. Similarly, with supporters holding narrow margins in the unpacked districts, the number of wasted votes among supporters is minimized.

The Etymology

First printed in March 1812, the political cartoon above was drawn in reaction to the state senate electoral districts drawn by the Massachusetts legislature to favour the Democratic-Republican Party candidates of Governor Elbridge Gerry over the Federalists.

The caricature satirises the bizarre shape of a district in Essex County, Massachusetts as a dragon-like “monster.”

Federalist newspapers editors and others at the time likened the district shape to a salamander, and the word gerrymander was a blend of that word and Governor Gerry‘s last name.

Resources: www.Census.gov
 and Wiki
Voters who believe in Equality in all its forms …
We Must Stand & Stay in LINE
Mid-term Elections Matter
~~ Nativegrl77
written 4/7/2013