All posts by Nativegrl77

NATIONAL FLAG DAY ~ 6/14


National Flag Day June 14

On June 14 we honor Old Glory on National Flag Day.  This day commemorates the adoption of the United States flag on June 14, 1777.

On National Flag Day, Americans show respect for the U.S. Flag and what it represents.  Representing independence and unity, the Stars and Stripes have become a powerful symbol of Americanism and is flown proudly.

While Betsy Ross has been given credit for stitching together the first American flag, there isn’t any sound evidence supporting the story.  At the same time, there is any to disprove it, either.  During Ross’s Revolutionary time, several standards were carried bearing red and white stripes and varying symbols where the blue field and stars now reside.  Since 1777, the design of the flag has been officially modified 26 times.  For 47 years, the 48-star flag was in effect.  In 1959, the 49-star version became official on July 4.  President Eisenhower ordered the 50-star flag on August 21, 1959.

Seventeen-year-old Robert G. Heft of Ohio designed the 50-star American flag.  His was one f the more than 1,500 designs that were submitted to President Dwight D. Eisenhower. 

HOW TO OBSERVE

Many people have died protecting our country.  On National Flag Day, raise the flag and fly it proudly. Use #NationalFlagDay to post on social media.

HISTORY

On May 30, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation deeming June 14 as Flag Day.  President Wilson stated, “It is the anniversary of the day upon which the flag of the United States was adopted by the Congress as the emblem of the Union.” He also wrote, “On that day rededicate ourselves to the nation, ‘one and inseparable’ from which every thought that is not worthy of our fathers’ first vows in independence, liberty, and right shall be excluded and in which we shall stand with united hearts.”

There are over 1,500 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day with National Day Calendar!

nationaldaycalendar.com

Ava Duvernay’s groundbreaking Netflix Original film “13th.” ~ Arisha Michelle Hatch, Color Of Change


Next week–June 13th– U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions will testify before Congress to discuss his budget proposal for the Department of Justice– i.e. how exactly he plans to fund his Law & Order agenda and reignite the so-called War on Drugs. We know that this move by Sessions, backed by Trump administration has been decades in the making. We’ve been here before. And the stories of how this wage that has been waged on our communities are powerful.

That’s why this same day hundreds of Color of Change members are gathering in each other’s homes and communities in opposition to Sessions and viewing Ava Duvernay’s groundbreaking Netflix Original film “13th.”

And we’re inviting our dopest Color of Change members to host a “13th” screening party of their own to stand in opposition with us on the day Sessions testifies.

 

1979 – Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota


Compensation for Land Seizure The case that was before the High Court was brought by the Oglala Sioux in July 1980, several weeks after the Supreme Court resolved an earlier lawsuit by awarding all eight Sioux tribes $105 million as compensation for the Federal Government’s seizure of the Black Hills through an act of Congress in 1877.

nytimes.com

1988 The Liggett Group, a cigarette manufacturer, was found liable for a lung-cancer death. They were, however, found innocent by the federal jury of misrepresenting the risks of smoking


Premier was an American brand of smokeless cigarettes which was owned and manufactured by the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJR). Premier was released in the United States in 1988. It was the first commercial heated tobacco product. However, it was difficult to use and tasted unpleasant; as a result, it was unpopular with consumers.

1967 Thurgood Marshall nominated as 1st black Supreme Court justice


Image result for thurgood marshall

President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints U.S. Court of Appeals Judge Thurgood Marshall to fill the seat of retiring Supreme Court Associate Justice Tom C. Clark. On August 30, after a heated debate, the Senate confirmed Marshall’s nomination by a vote of 69 to 11. Two days later, he was sworn in by Chief Justice Earl Warren, making him the first African American in history to sit on America’s highest court.

The great-grandson of slaves, Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1908. In 1933, after studying under the tutelage of civil liberties lawyer Charles H. Houston, he received his law degree from Howard University in Washington, D.C. In 1936, he joined the legal division of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), of which Houston was director, and two years later succeeded his mentor in the organization’s top legal post.

As the NAACP’s chief counsel from 1938 to 1961, he argued 32 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, successfully challenging racial segregation, most notably in public education. He won 29 of these cases, including a groundbreaking victory in 1954’s Brown v. Board of Education, in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation violated the 14th Amendment to the Constitution and was thus illegal. The decision served as a great impetus for the African American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and ultimately led to the abolishment of segregation in all public facilities and accommodations.

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals, but his nomination was opposed by many Southern senators, and he was not confirmed until the next year. In June 1967, President Johnson nominated him to the Supreme Court, and in late August he was confirmed. During his 24 years on the high court, Associate Justice Marshall consistently challenged discrimination based on race or sex, opposed the death penalty, and supported the rights of criminal defendants. He also defended affirmative action and women’s right to reproductive freedom. As appointments by a largely Republican White House changed the politics of the Court, Marshall found his liberal opinions increasingly in the minority. He retired in 1991, and two years later passed away.

history.com