Tag Archives: Government

Packing & Cracking ~gerrymander~ a repost and reminder


Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), American statesman
Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), American statesman (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The information below is a history and time line regarding the Census and Gerrymandering or Packing & Cracking rules

In December 1975, the Congress passed Public Law (P.L.) 94-171. This law requires the Census Bureau to make special preparations to provide redistricting data to the 50 states no later than April 1 of the year following a census (so April 1, 2011, for the 2010 Census). P.L. 94-171 specifies that within 1 year of Census Day, the Census Bureau must send each state the small-area data the state will need to redraw districts for the state legislature.

P.L. 94-171 sets up a voluntary program between the Census Bureau and those states that wish to receive population tabulations for voting districts and other state-specified geographic areas.

Under this program, those responsible for the legislative apportionment or redistricting of each state may devise a plan identifying the voting districts for which they want the specific tabulations and submit it to the Census Bureau.

Beginning in 2005, the Redistricting Data Office of the Census Bureau met with state officials in 46 states. These meetings explained the timeline and programs available for the 2010 Census, providing states the time to prepare and allocate resources in advance of the census. The states also provided the Census Bureau with valuable feedback on census program planning.

The 2010 Census Redistricting Data Program is a five-phase program. During Phase 1 (2005–2006), the Census Bureau collected state legislative district boundaries and associated updates to tabulate legislative districts. This phase also included an aggressive 2010 Census communications plan, with visits to state capitals, to make sure the states were informed and prepared for the upcoming census.

Phase 2 (2008–2010) consisted of the Voting District/Block Boundary Suggestion Project (VTD/BBSP) in which states received TIGER/Line® shapefiles and the MAF/TIGER Partnership Software (MTPS) to electronically collect voting district boundaries, feature updates, suggested block boundaries, and corrected state legislative district boundaries. Both Phase 1 and Phase 2 are voluntary programs that include a step where the state verifies the submitted data.

Phase 3 constitutes the delivery of the data for the 2010 Census. The Census Bureau will deliver the geographic and data products to the majority and minority leadership in the state legislatures, the governors, and any designated P.L. 94-171 liaisons. Once bipartisan receipt of the data is confirmed, the data will be made available online to the public within 24 hours through the American FactFinder. For this census, the P.L. 94-171 data will include population counts for small areas within each state, as well as housing occupied/vacancy counts.

After the Census Bureau provides the data, the states will begin their redistricting. States are responsible for delineating their own congressional and legislative boundaries and their legislatures. Legislatures, secretaries of state, governors, and/or redistricting commissions carry out the process.  

Go to www.census.gov for the complete article …

For your information, wiki states, “Gerrymandering is effective because of the wasted vote effect.

The Etymology

First printed in March 1812, the political cartoon above was drawn in reaction to the state senate electoral districts drawn by the Massachusetts legislature to favour the Democratic-Republican Party candidates of Governor Elbridge Gerry over the Federalists.

The caricature satirizes the bizarre shape of a district in Essex County, Massachusetts as a dragon-like “monster.”

Federalist newspapers editors and others at the time likened the district shape to a salamander, and the word gerrymander was a blend of that word and Governor Gerry‘s last name.

Resources: www.Census.gov
 and Wiki
 

6 tips …


WordPressDancing-3.

6 tips for putting words to music

 I am not a songwriter musician or lyrist, but I love to read definitely listen and more often than not dance to the spoken word when put to music.

 My personal interest is in the art of movement, specifically dance;  when music is combined with words in innovative patterns can soothe invigorate irritate as well as make you move and feel good.

 They say Music is said to soothe the savage beast least we talk about when done right …  Words can touch our souls and that also awakens our senses. Most of us can agree that the art of dance and or music transcends language barriers.

So, my six tips are below …

 (1) Make it personal because reading experiences about a one night stand love at first sight, first love, lust, a long term love brings a sense of connection folks sometimes look for and set to music can only enhance a good lyric . .Right

2) Be yourself  folks do go out their way to learn the lyrics to a song and will like love and feel  the performer is genuine in their delivery and not trying to be something else,  can actually be heard seen felt 

3) The kind of music that makes an impression also provides imagery and a vision of something the song is about; even if it is abstract, the image is sort of like a coffee table object.  Always up for interpretation depending on who is listening to reading or learning the lyrics … of course, when it comes to love … when someone is singing to you … take time to listen; I heard that once and then again you may have heard the song but weren’t feeling the music

 (4) Rhymes Reason and Rhythm because who doesn’t like the art of movement …and more often than not that is what kind of music makes great artist move up into the stratosphere … in my opinion. I dance because I have to and anything that has a great hook a great bass or syncopation definitely will be played more than once in my house. The rhythm of life

 (5) Always assume a video of your creation is a possibility so … be that visionary

 (6)     🙂  Always believe you were born to make music  (:


So, what makes you get onto the dance floor … 

first posted in 2013, def tweaked

Harvard students attempt to take 1964 Louisiana Literacy test, fail


Buy a lady a drink ~~ Stella Artois …. water.org a repost


first posted in 2015

Today, 750 million people in the world live without access to clean water. Now, they say 663 million live with access to clean water and 2.4 billion  live without improved sanitation. We all have to know one without the other equals illness disease and death. This crisis disproportionately affects women, who walk a combined 200 million hours a day to collect water for their families. Stella Artois is supporting Water.org to help solve the global water crisis. Learn how you can help at http://BuyALadyADrink.com

 

Now, in the year 2017, they say 663 million live with access to clean water and 2.4 billion  live without improved sanitation. We all have to know one without the other equals illness disease and death.

~Nativegrl77

source water.org

100 thoughts on 100 days …remember this and vote for murphyforflorida.com


 

In honor of Donald Trump’s first 100 days in office, here are 100 things to remember about his presidency so far:

100.  Lying about the smaller size of his inauguration crowd
99.  Making white nationalist Steve Bannon a key part of his leadership team
98.  Threatening to pull out of the Paris agreement on climate change
97.  Sean Spicer making errant and offensive comments about the Holocaust
96.  Going back on his word to name China a currency manipulator
95.  Announcing the bombing of Syria over chocolate cake with the Chinese president
94.  Threatening to break up the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals after it ruled against him
93.  Hiring Gen. Michael Flynn as National Security Advisor amid possibly illegal entanglements with foreign governments
92.  Handling classified documents over open-air dinners at Mar-a-Lago
91.  Golfing, golfing, golfing after consistently criticizing President Obama for doing so
90.  Outsourcing key policy initiatives to his inexperienced son-in-law
89.  Directing administration officials away from using the term “climate change”
88.  Attorney General Jeff Sessions lying to the Senate about pre-election communications with Russia
87.  Likely racking up more in travel and security costs in one year than President Obama needed in 8 full years
86.  Getting Neil Gorsuch on the Supreme Court after the Senate GOP blocked Obama’s rightful nominee Merrick Garland in 2016
85.  Installing Wall Street executives and lobbyists to key posts after promising to “drain the swamp”
84.  Via Kellyanne Conway, allowing the phrase “alternative facts” to enter our discourse
83.  Declaring the free press the enemy of the American people
82.  Threatening the well-being of millions of Americans by holding healthcare subsidies hostage
81.  Introducing a budget that guts funding for PBS, scientific research, the EPA, education programs, and Planned Parenthood
80.  Still refusing to release his taxes
79.  In a Fox interview, apparently not knowing the difference between Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un
78.  Claiming that he only lost the popular vote because of millions of fraudulent votes cast by illegal immigrants
77.  Tweeting complaints about his daughter’s clothing line being pulled from stores
76.  Inventing fake terrorist attacks in Bowling Green, Atlanta, and “last night in Sweden”
75.  White House advisor Stephen Miller declaring that President Trump’s decisions “will not be questioned”
74.  Continually claiming that Mexico will pay for a border wall while the Mexican government continually asserts it will not
73.  Weakening President Obama’s federal lobbying ban
72.  Having one of the least diverse cabinets in recent memory
71.  Backtracking and flip-flopping on his opposition to NAFTA
70.  Backtracking and flip-flopping on his opposition to NATO (because he didn’t know “much” about it)
69.  Reversing President Obama’s practice of making the White House visitor’s log public
68.  Firing U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara after promising to keep him on
67.  Failing to divest himself of business interests that present clear conflicts of interest
66.  Introducing a tax plan that creates huge loopholes for pass-though companies, hedge funds…and likely Trump himself
65.  “Nobody knew healthcare could be so complicated.”
64.  Picking fights with longtime allies like GermanyCanada, and England
63.  Supporting tainted election results in Turkey that give more power to its autocratic leader
62.  Ordering a Navy SEAL raid that gathered no actionable intelligence
61.  Being unaware if we were sending an “armada” to North Korea
60 through 7:  Blank in recognition of Trump’s 54 of 60 unfulfilled, stalled, or broken campaign promises, per the Washington Post, many of which are on this list
6.  Leaving dozens of vital national security positions empty at the State Department
5.  Instituting an unconstitutional immigrant ban that makes our nation less safe
4.  House leaders standing by Intel Committee Chair Devin Nunes after he interfered with Congress’s investigation into Russian election meddling
3.  Trying (and failing) to fully repeal Obamacare
2.  Fabricating claims out of thin air that President Obama wiretapped Trump Tower
1.  After one of the most divisive elections in history – in which Trump lost the popular vote by almost 3 million – failing to govern as if he represents the entire country, not just those who voted for him.

Onward and upward,

Patrick