Congress Now on recess… again ~ The Senate ~ The House


 

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

The Senate

Thursday, September 26, 2019
Ms. Martha McSally, from the State of Arizona, called the Senate to order at 10 a.m., the Chaplain offered a prayer, and Ms. McSally led the Senate in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America.
The Journal
Pursuant to the order of yesterday, the Journal of the proceedings of the Senate was deemed approved to date.
Certain Procedures Dispensed With
Pursuant to the order of yesterday, the morning hour being deemed expired, and the times for the recognition of the two leaders being reserved.
Transaction of Morning Business
Pursuant to the order of yesterday, the Senate proceeded to a period for the transaction of morning business.
Legislative Business (Thursday, September 26)
H.R. 4378 (Rep. Lowey): A bill making continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2020, and for other purposes.
— Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
— Passed Senate without amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 81 – 16. Record Vote Number: 311
— Message on Senate action sent to the House.
S.Amdt. 942 (Sen. Paul): To reduce the amount appropriated by 2 percent .
–Amendment SA 942 proposed by Senator Paul.
–Amendment SA 942 not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 24 – 73. Record Vote Number: 310

S. 737 (Sen. Rosen): A bill to direct the National Science Foundation to support STEM education research focused on early childhood .
— Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
— Passed Senate with an amendment by Voice Vote.
S.Amdt. 944 (Sen. Rosen): In the nature of a substitute.
–Amendment SA 944 proposed by Senator McConnell for Senator Rosen.
–Amendment SA 944 agreed to in Senate by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 252 (Sen. Graham): A resolution designating September 2019 as National Democracy Month as a time to reflect on the contributions of the system of government of the United States to a more free and stable world .
— Senate Committee on the Judiciary discharged by Unanimous Consent.
— Resolution agreed to in Senate without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 346 (Sen. Graham): A resolution designating October 8, 2019, as “National Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Day”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 347 (Sen. Shaheen): A resolution designating October 2, 2019, as “Energy Efficiency Day” in celebration of the economic and environmental benefits that have been driven by private sector innovation and Federal energy efficiency policies.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 348 (Sen. Collins): A resolution proclaiming the week of September 23 through September 27, 2019, as “National Clean Energy Week” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 349 (Sen. Hassan): A resolution supporting the designation of September 20, 2019, as “National Concussion Awareness Day” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 350 (Sen. Manchin): A resolution designating September 2019 as “National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 351 (Sen. Shaheen): A resolution designating the week of September 29 through October 5, 2019, as “National Community Policing Week” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 352 (Sen. Menendez): A resolution recognizing Hispanic Heritage Month and celebrating the heritage and culture of Latinos in the United States and the immense contributions of Latinos to the United States .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 353 (Sen. Klobuchar): A resolution recognizing September 24, 2019, as “National Voter Registration Day”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 354 (Sen. Markey): A resolution designating September 2019 as “National Brain Aneurysm Awareness Month”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 355 (Sen. Murray): A resolution designating the week of September 22 through 28, 2019, as “National Adult Education and Family Literacy Week” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

House Floor Activity

The next meeting is scheduled for 3:30 p.m. on October 11, 2019

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

1:02:46 P.M.The House convened, starting a new legislative day.
1:02:57 P.M.The Speaker designated the Honorable Jamie Raskin to act as Speaker pro tempore for today.
1:03:20 P.M.Today’s prayer was offered by Pastor Deamon Scapin, Triumph Church DC, Washington, DC.
1:04:40 P.M.SPEAKER’S APPROVAL OF THE JOURNAL – Pursuant to section 5(a) of H. Res. 577, the Journal of the last day’s proceedings was approved.
1:05:02 P.M.PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE – The Chair led the House in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.
1:05:17 P.M.The Speaker announced that the House do now adjourn pursuant to section 5(b) of H. Res. 577.

 

 

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Tenure of Office Act


Definition of Tenure of Office Act The Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson

Definition: The Tenure of Office Act was passed by Congress on March 2, 1867. President Andrew Johnson attempted to veto the law, but failed. The reason that Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act was to limit the President’s powers and prevent President Andrew Johnson dismissing radical Republicans from office. The President subsequently ignored the Tenure of Office Act and suspended Edwin Stanton, the Secretary of War and a prominent cabinet member. This action led to the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson.

Events leading to the Tenure of Office Act
The events leading up to the Tenure of Office Act were due to the conflict between President Andrew Johnson and the radical Republicans in Congress over the Reconstruction of the South. In April 1865, Vice President Andrew Johnson, a Southern Democrat, assumed the Presidency following the assassination of President Lincoln. Johnson adopts the Reconstruction plans of Lincoln but on December 1, 1865 President Johnson abruptly declared the end to Reconstruction. Congress was outraged, and Radical Republicans refuse to recognize the new governments in southern states who were attempting to restore self-rule. The Southern states had passed the notorious Black Codes during 1865 -1866 and were reluctant to ratify the 13th Amendment. President Johnson further infuriated Congress by vetoing an extension to the Freedmen’s Bureau and the Republicans responded by passing the Civil Rights Act of 1866 overriding the President’s veto. The Congressional elections of November, 1866, were greatly in favor of the radical Republicans and in support of their policy for reconstruction. Congress passed the first of the Reconstruction Acts which gave them military control of the South.

When was the Tenure of Office Act passed?
Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act on March 2, 1867.

Why did Congress pass the Tenure of Office Act?
Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act to limit the President’s powers and prevent President Andrew Johnson dismissing radical Republicans from office. They hoped that the Tenure of Office Act would to assure the continuance in office of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and therefore prevent any interference with the military occupation of the South in the Congressional Reconstruction plan. Edwin Stanton was a valuable member of the existing cabinet and a firm supporter of the Radical Republican’s Reconstruction policies and was openly opposed to President Johnson.

What were the provisions of the Tenure of Office Act?
The provisions of the Tenure of Office Act were that:
● It forbade the President to remove any federal officeholder appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate without the further approval of the Senate
● It also provided that members of the President’s cabinet should hold office for the full term of the President who appointed them and one month thereafter, subject to removal by the Senate

Tenure of Office Act for kids: The Reaction of President Johnson
President Johnson tried and failed to veto the Tenure of Office Act. Ever since the formation of the United States government the Presidents had removed officers when they saw fit. The Tenure of Office Act required the consent of the Senate to removals as well as to appointments. Johnson believed that the Tenure of Office Act was unconstitutional.

Tenure of Office Act for kids: Edwin Stanton
In December 1867 President Johnson ignored the Tenure of Office Act and suspended Edwin Stanton from office. Stanton refused to budge and barricaded himself in his office claiming that the Tenure of Office Act protected him. The House of Representatives invoked the new Tenure of Office Act to initiate Impeachment proceedings against President Johnson. In the history of the United States there have only been two Impeached Presidents – both were acquitted.

Tenure of Office Act for kids: The Aftermath
The Tenure of Office Act was partly repealed partly in 1869 and entirely cancelled in 1887. In 1926 the Tenure of Office Act was declared by the U.S. Supreme Court to have been unconstitutional

Tenure of Office Act – President Andrew Johnson Video
The article on the Tenure of Office Act provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office. The following Andrew Johnson video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 17th American President whose presidency spanned from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869.

 

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