The nine Black congressmen and Sen. Edward W. Brooke topped the previous high of eight in the Forty-fourth Congress of 1875-77. The first Black woman representative, Shirley Chisholm of the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn, defeated former CORE director James Farmer, in New York’s Twelfth Congressional critics and reelected Adam Clayton Powell Jr. In addition to Powell, the following incumbents were reelected William L. Dawson (Ill.), Charles C. Diggs (Mich.), Augustus Hawkins (Cali.), Robert N.C. Nix (Pa.) and John Conyers (Mich.) Elected to Congress for the first time were Mrs. Chisholm, Louis Stokes (Ohio) and William L. Clay (Mo.) blackfacts.com
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