on this day 11/05

1605 – The “Gunpowder Plot” attempted by Guy Fawkes failed when he was captured before he could blow up the English Parliament. Guy Fawkes Day is celebrated every November 5th in Britain to celebrate his failure to blow up all the members of Parliament and King James I.

1844 – In California, a grizzly bear underwent a successful cataract operation at the Zoological Garden.

1862 – Frazier A Boutelle is commissioned as second lieutenant in the Fifth New York Calvary

1867 – First Reconstruction constitutional convention (eighteen Blacks, ninety whites) opened in Montgomery, Alabama. blackfacts.com

1872 – In the U.S., Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the presidential election. She never paid the fine.

1895 – George B. Selden received the first U.S. patent for an automobile. He sold the rights for $200,000 four years later.

1911 – Italy officially annexed Tripoli.

1917 – U.S. Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v. Warley) struck down Louisville, Ky., ordinance which required Blacks and whites to live in separate residential areas blackfacts.com

1935 – The game “Monopoly” was introduced by Parker Brothers Company.

1940 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office.

1944 – Lord Moyne, a British official, was assassinated by the Zionist Stern gang in Cairo, Egypt.

1946 – John F. Kennedy was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives at the age of 29.

1955 – The Vienna State Opera House in Austria formally opened.

1956 – British and French forces began landing in Egypt during the Suez Canal Crisis. A cease-fire was declared 2 days later.

1959 – The American Football League was formed.

1963 – Archaeologists found the remains of a Viking settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland.

1967 – In Moscow, the Ostankino Tower opened. It was the world’s tallest free-standing structure for nine years.

1968 – A record number of Black congressmen and the first Black woman representative were elected to Congress. The nine Black congressmen and Sen. Edward W. Brooke topped the previous high of eight in the Forty-fourth Congress of 1875-77. The first Black woman representative, Shirley Chisholm of the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn, defeated former CORE director James Farmer, in New York’s Twelfth Congressional critics and reelected Adam Clayton Powell Jr. In addition to Powell, the following incumbents were reelected: William L. Dawson (Ill.), Charles C. Diggs (Mich.), Augustus Hawkins (Cali.), Robert N.C. Nix (Pa.) and John Conyers (Mich.) Elected to Congress for the first time were Mrs. Chisholm, Louis Stokes (Ohio) and William L. Clay (Mo.) blackfacts.com

1974 – George Brown was elected Lt Governor of Colorado, becoming one of the first two Black Lt Governors in the USA blacksfact.com
1974 – Walter E. Washington, became the first elected mayor of Washington, D.C., in the twentieth century. blackfacts.com
1974 – Harold Ford of Memphis elected to House of Representatives. blackfacts.com
1974 – State Sen. Mervyn M. Dymally elected lieutenant governor of California. State Sen. Georgia L. Brown elected lieutenant governor of Colorado. blackfacts.com
1974 – Shirley Chisholm, a New York Democrat, is the 1st African American woman elected to Congress.

1974 – Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut. She was the first woman in the U.S. to win a governorship without succeeding her husband.

1984 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the NFL had exceeded antitrust limits in attempting to stop the Oakland Raiders from moving to Los Angeles.

1986 – The White House reaffirmed the U.S. ban on the sale of weapons to Iran. 

1987 – In South Africa, Goban Mbeki was released after serving 24 years in the Robben Island prison. He had been sentenced to life for treason against the white minority government of South Africa.

1998 – Scientists published a genetic study that showed strong evidence that Thomas Jefferson fathered at least one child (Eston Hemings) of his slave, Sally Hemings. (for more information

1990 – Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the Kach movement, was shot to death after a speech at a New York Hotel. His assassin, Egyptian El Sayyid, was later convicted of the murder and was sentenced to life in prison for his part in the World Trade Center bombing.

1992 – Malice Green, a black motorist, was beaten to death in Detroit during a struggle with police. Two officers were later convicted in his death and sentenced to prison. 

1994 – Former U.S. President Reagan announced that he had Alzheimer’s disease.

1994 – George Foreman, 45, became boxing’s oldest heavyweight champion when he knocked out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their WBA fight in Las Vegas, NV.

1998 – In the U.S., Chairman Henry Hyde of the Judiciary Committee asked President Clinton to answer 81 questions for the House impeachment inquiry.

1998 – The U.N. announced that the Taliban militia had killed up to 5,000 civilians in a takeover of an Afghani town.

1999 – A 12-day conference on global warming, attended by delegates from 170 nations, ended in Bonn, Germany.

1999 – Dennis Rodman (NBA) and Carmen Electra were both arrested and charged with battery and domestic violence in a hotel in Miami Beach, FL.

1999 – U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled that Microsoft Corp. enjoyed “monopoly power”.

2001 – It was announced that European aircraft manufacturer Airbus and Dubai-based Emirates airlines set up a joint venture specializing in airline services.

2009 – At Fort Hood, near Kileen, TX, Nidal Malik Hasan killed 13 people and wounded 30 others.