1635 – Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island, was banished from Massachusetts because he had spoken out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away land that belonged to the Indians. Williams had founded Providence, Rhode Island as a place for people to seek religious freedom.


By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
See Article History Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons.jpg

Roger Williams, (born 1603?, London, England—died January 27/March 15, 1683, Providence, Rhode Island [U.S.]), English colonist in New England, founder of the colony of Rhode Island and pioneer of religious liberty.

The son of a merchant tailor, he was a protégé of the jurist Sir Edward Coke and was educated at Cambridge. In 1630 he left his post as chaplain to Sir William Masham, which had brought him into contact with such politically active Puritans as Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Hooker, to pursue his by-then completely Nonconformist religious ideals in New England.

Arriving in Boston in 1631, Williams refused to associate himself with the Anglican Puritans and in the following year moved to the separatist Plymouth Colony. In 1633 he was back in Salem after a disagreement with Plymouth in which he insisted that the king’s patent was invalid and that only direct purchase from the Indians gave a just title to the land.

The unpopularity of Williams’s views forced him to flee Massachusetts Bay for Providence in 1636. In 1639 William Coddington, another dissenter in Massachusetts settled his congregation in Newport. Four years later Samuel Gorton, yet another minister banished from Massachusetts Bay because of his differences with the ruling oligarchy, settled in Shawomet (later renamed Warwick). In 1644 these three communities joined with a fourth in Portsmouth under one charter to become one colony called Providence Plantation in Narragansett Bay.

Roger Williams, the man closely associated with the founding of Rhode Island, was banished from Massachusetts because of his unwillingness to conform to the orthodoxy established in that colony. Williams’s views conflicted with those of the ruling hierarchy of Massachusetts in several important ways. His own strict criteria for determining who was regenerate, and therefore eligible for church membership, finally led him to deny any practical way to admit anyone into the church. Once he recognized that no church could ensure the purity of its congregation, he ceased using purity as a criterion and instead opened church membership to nearly everyone in the community. Moreover, Williams showed distinctly Separatist leanings, preaching that the Puritan church could not possibly achieve purity as long as it remained within the Church of England. Finally, and perhaps most serious, he openly disputed the right of the Massachusetts leaders to occupy land without first purchasing it from the Native Americans.

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Congress Now on recess… again ~ The Senate ~ The House


 

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

The Senate

Thursday, September 26, 2019
Ms. Martha McSally, from the State of Arizona, called the Senate to order at 10 a.m., the Chaplain offered a prayer, and Ms. McSally led the Senate in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America.
The Journal
Pursuant to the order of yesterday, the Journal of the proceedings of the Senate was deemed approved to date.
Certain Procedures Dispensed With
Pursuant to the order of yesterday, the morning hour being deemed expired, and the times for the recognition of the two leaders being reserved.
Transaction of Morning Business
Pursuant to the order of yesterday, the Senate proceeded to a period for the transaction of morning business.
Legislative Business (Thursday, September 26)
H.R. 4378 (Rep. Lowey): A bill making continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2020, and for other purposes.
— Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
— Passed Senate without amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 81 – 16. Record Vote Number: 311
— Message on Senate action sent to the House.
S.Amdt. 942 (Sen. Paul): To reduce the amount appropriated by 2 percent .
–Amendment SA 942 proposed by Senator Paul.
–Amendment SA 942 not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 24 – 73. Record Vote Number: 310

S. 737 (Sen. Rosen): A bill to direct the National Science Foundation to support STEM education research focused on early childhood .
— Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
— Passed Senate with an amendment by Voice Vote.
S.Amdt. 944 (Sen. Rosen): In the nature of a substitute.
–Amendment SA 944 proposed by Senator McConnell for Senator Rosen.
–Amendment SA 944 agreed to in Senate by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 252 (Sen. Graham): A resolution designating September 2019 as National Democracy Month as a time to reflect on the contributions of the system of government of the United States to a more free and stable world .
— Senate Committee on the Judiciary discharged by Unanimous Consent.
— Resolution agreed to in Senate without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 346 (Sen. Graham): A resolution designating October 8, 2019, as “National Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Day”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 347 (Sen. Shaheen): A resolution designating October 2, 2019, as “Energy Efficiency Day” in celebration of the economic and environmental benefits that have been driven by private sector innovation and Federal energy efficiency policies.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 348 (Sen. Collins): A resolution proclaiming the week of September 23 through September 27, 2019, as “National Clean Energy Week” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 349 (Sen. Hassan): A resolution supporting the designation of September 20, 2019, as “National Concussion Awareness Day” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Voice Vote.

S.Res. 350 (Sen. Manchin): A resolution designating September 2019 as “National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 351 (Sen. Shaheen): A resolution designating the week of September 29 through October 5, 2019, as “National Community Policing Week” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 352 (Sen. Menendez): A resolution recognizing Hispanic Heritage Month and celebrating the heritage and culture of Latinos in the United States and the immense contributions of Latinos to the United States .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 353 (Sen. Klobuchar): A resolution recognizing September 24, 2019, as “National Voter Registration Day”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 354 (Sen. Markey): A resolution designating September 2019 as “National Brain Aneurysm Awareness Month”.
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

S.Res. 355 (Sen. Murray): A resolution designating the week of September 22 through 28, 2019, as “National Adult Education and Family Literacy Week” .
— Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.

House Floor Activity

The next meeting is scheduled for 3:30 p.m. on October 11, 2019

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

1:02:46 P.M.The House convened, starting a new legislative day.
1:02:57 P.M.The Speaker designated the Honorable Jamie Raskin to act as Speaker pro tempore for today.
1:03:20 P.M.Today’s prayer was offered by Pastor Deamon Scapin, Triumph Church DC, Washington, DC.
1:04:40 P.M.SPEAKER’S APPROVAL OF THE JOURNAL – Pursuant to section 5(a) of H. Res. 577, the Journal of the last day’s proceedings was approved.
1:05:02 P.M.PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE – The Chair led the House in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.
1:05:17 P.M.The Speaker announced that the House do now adjourn pursuant to section 5(b) of H. Res. 577.

 

 

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