1964 ~ Dr. Martin Luther King,Jr. ~ Nobel Peace Prize Winner

African American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America. At 35 years of age, the Georgia-born minister was the youngest person ever to receive the award.

Martin Luther King, Jr., was born in Atlanta in 1929, the son of a Baptist minister. He received a doctorate degree in theology and in 1955 organized the first major protest of the civil rights movement: the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott. Influenced by Mohandas Gandhi, he advocated nonviolent civil disobedience to racial segregation. The peaceful protests he led throughout the American South were often met with violence, but King and his followers persisted, and their nonviolent movement gained momentum.

A powerful orator, he appealed to Christian and American ideals and won growing support from the federal government and northern whites. In 1963, he led his massive March on Washington, in which he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” address. In 1964, the civil rights movement achieved two of its greatest successes: the ratification of the 24th Amendment, which abolished the poll tax, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited racial discrimination in employment and education and outlawed racial segregation in public facilities. In October of that year, King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He donated the prize money, valued at $54,600, to the civil rights movement.

In the late 1960s, King openly criticized U.S. involvement in Vietnam and turned his efforts to winning economic rights for poor Americans. By that time, the civil rights movement had begun to fracture, with activists such as Stokely Carmichael rejecting King’s vision of nonviolent integration in favor of African American self-reliance and self-defense. In 1968, King intended to revive his movement through an interracial “Poor People’s March” on Washington, but on April 4 he was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, by escaped white convict James Earl Ray, just a few weeks before the demonstration was scheduled to begin.




The Unitarian Universalist faith calls us to fully understand the legacy of Christopher Columbus, just as it calls us to respect and learn from indigenous peoples and support their struggles for social justice and religious freedom. Join Unitarian Universalists across the United States in honoring Indigenous Peoples Day.

History of the Holiday

“Indigenous Peoples Day” reimagines Columbus Day and changes a celebration of colonialism into an opportunity to reveal historical truths about the genocide and oppression of indigenous peoples in the Americas, to organize against current injustices, and to celebrate indigenous resistance.

The idea of replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day was born in 1977, at a U.N.-sponsored conference in Geneva, Switzerland, on discrimination against indigenous populations in the Americas. Fourteen years later, activists in Berkeley, CA, convinced the Berkeley City Council to declare October 12 a “Day of Solidarity with Indigenous People.” Henceforth, there has been a growing movement to appropriate “Columbus Day” as “Indigenous People’s Day”; states such as South Dakota, Hawai’i, and Alaska have changed the holiday’s name and many more cities have taken similar action. Read more about the history of Berkeley’s Indigenous Peoples Day.

 Ways to Honor Indigenous Peoples Day


More Resources

Indigenous People’s Day 2019

“Indigenous Peoples Day” rethinks about Columbus Day and changes a festival of expansionism into a chance to uncover authentic realities about the slaughter and abuse of indigenous peoples in the Americas, to sort out against current shameful acts, and to celebrate indigenous obstruction.

When is Indigenous People’s Day 2019
Replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day was conceived in 1977, at a U.N.- supported meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, on oppression indigenous populaces in the Americas. After fourteen years, activists in Berkeley, CA, persuaded the Berkeley City Council to pronounce October 12 a “Day of Solidarity with Indigenous People.”

Henceforth, there has been a developing development to proper “Columbus Day” as “Indigenous People’s Day”; states, for example, South Dakota, Hawai’i, and Alaska have changed the holiday’s name When is Indigenous People’s Day and a lot more urban communities have made comparable move. Read more about the historical backdrop of Berkeley’s Indigenous Peoples Day.


possibly October 14, 2019 if you are

BREAKING: U.S. Court of Appeals issues ruling on Trump’s tax returns –

There’s major news in the fight to secure Donald Trump’s tax returns.  

The U.S. Court of Appeals of the D.C. Circuit just ruled that, “Contrary to the President’s arguments, the [House Oversight and Reform] Committee possesses authority under both the House Rules and the Constitution to issue the subpoena, and Mazars must comply.”[1]
This is the opinion of the second most important court in the country, right below the U.S. Supreme Court.
Back in April, this House Committee subpoenaed a decade of the president’s financial records from his long-time accounting firm, Mazars USA. Now, the court has affirmed that Mazars must comply.
This is the biggest breakthrough yet in our fight to get our hands on Donald Trump’s tax returns. We are one major step closer to knowing how Trump is using his office to personally benefit from the laws he signs and the policies he implements.

We won’t rest until we see Trump’s personal and business tax returns and there are five additional fights, currently all in the courts, to secure and release Trump’s tax returns.

Donate $5 or more to Americans for Tax Fairness Action Fund today to support our work to make Trump’s tax returns public and hold him accountable to the Americans people.

Here’s a look at the other fights that are currently before the courts:
• The “NY TRUST Act” passed and signed into law in July, would allow the release of Trump’s state tax returns to Congress. Trump and his lawyers have temporarily blocked this law from taking effect, pending a judge’s ruling.[2]
• The “Presidential Tax Transparency and Accountability Act” was signed into law by California Governor Gavin Newsom back in July and requires all presidential candidates to publicly release their tax returns in order to appear on the 2020 primary ballot. This law was subsequently blocked by a federal judge. It appears that Newsom (D) will appeal this court ruling.[3]
• The Manhattan District Attorney has subpoenaed eight years of Trump’s personal and business tax returns from his longtime accounting firm Mazars USA related to the DA’s investigation into hush money payments allegedly made by Trump and his businesses to former mistresses right before the 2016 election (likely illegal campaign contributions).
• The House Financial Services and Intelligence Committees have filed subpoenas with Deutsche Bank and Capital One seeking the tax returns of Donald Trump and his three eldest children. This case currently resides before a federal appeals court in New York.
• The House Ways and Means Committee has subpoenaed the Treasury Department and the IRS after Treasury Secretary Stephen Mnuchin denied the committee’s request for six years of Trump’s federal tax returns. This case currently resides in the courts.
From even before he became president, Americans for Tax Fairness Action Fund has been leading the national call to get our hands on Trump’s tax returns. Whether it’s alleged tax fraud as outlined by the New York Times, or how he and his family are personally benefiting from his administration’s policies, it’s up to us to demand transparency and hold Donald Trump accountable.[4]

Pitch in $5 or more today to get our hands on Donald Trump’s tax returns!
Thank you for all of your hard work,
Frank Clemente
Executive Director
Americans for Tax Fairness Action Fund
[1] “Trump loses appeal to withhold financial records from Democrats,” Politico, October 11, 2019
[2] “These Are All The Ways Democrats Are Trying To Get Trump’s Tax Returns Released,” Forbes, October 3, 2019
[3] “California to appeal ruling that blocks law requiring Trump disclose tax returns in order to appear on ballot: report,” The Hill, October 8, 2019
[4] “Trump Engaged in Suspect Tax Schemes as He Reaped Riches From His Father,” New York Times, October


Indigenous Blood Spilled This Indigenous Peoples Day – Will You Act?

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Their homes burned, their lands stolen, and forests razed. Oil wells and gas flares and open-pit mines and mega-dams alongside their homes against their will. And when they rise up to shout, “No more!” they are met with tear gas and violent repression.

Indigenous blood is being spilled right now on Indigenous Peoples Day. Our work together to stop these attacks and defend Mother Earth has never been more vital.

This summer in Brazil, right-wing president Bolsonaro escalated his attack on the Amazon that has led to millions of acres of burned forests and charred earth. Our climate’s future, and the homes of so many indigenous people, is going up in flames.

Right now in Ecuador, indigenous people are being brutally attacked by security forces. Hundreds have been wounded and arrested and at least five have been killed. Yet they vow to continue standing up against cruel IMF-imposed austerity measures and any further oil drilling or mining on their lands.

Our work to advance indigenous rights and to partner with groups most at risk for defending nature is urgent and effective. We have to keep it going and growing, and that’s why today we invite you to commit to it long-term. Become a monthly donor to Amazon Watch and know that your ongoing support will enable our alliances to defend the Amazon and advance indigenous rights.

Every single day we see indigenous people taking action in ways that will benefit us all. They put their lives on the line to defend Mother Earth and our global climate. On this day, we ask everyone to dig just a little bit deeper and make a year-round commitment in support of this movement and these people. We hope you choose to make this work a part of who you are, not just on Indigenous People’s Day, but every day.
Thank you!

Leila Salazar-López
Executive Director