1958 – U.S. President Eisenhower ordered the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green became the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school





Eisenhower and the Little Rock Crisis
President Eisenhower, who was vacationing in Newport, Rhode Island, arranged to meet Governor Faubus there to discuss the tense situation in Little Rock. In their brief meeting, Eisenhower thought Faubus had agreed to enroll African American students, so he told Faubus that his National Guard troops could stay at Central High and enforce order. Once back in Little Rock,

Governor Faubus withdrew the National Guard. A few days later, 9 African American students slipped into the school to enroll and a full scale riot erupted. The situation quickly ran out of control, as Governor Faubus did nothing to stop the violence. Finally, the mayor of Little Rock appealed directly to President Eisenhower for help.

Eisenhower knew he had to act boldly. He placed the Arkansas National Guard under federal control and sent 1,000 U.S. Army paratroopers from the 101st Airborne Division to assist them in restoring order in Little Rock.

The daring tactic worked and the African American students were enrolled without further violent disturbances.
The law had been upheld, but Eisenhower was criticized both by those who felt he had not done enough to ensure civil rights for African Americans and those who believed he had gone too far in asserting federal power over the states.

history… may 8


096 – Peter the Hermit and his army reached Hungary. They passed through without incident.

1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion-Kentishmen revolted against King Henry VI.

1541 – Hernando de Soto reached the Mississippi River. He called it Rio de Espiritu Santo.

1794 – Antoine Lavoisier was executed by guillotine. He was the French chemist that discovered oxygen.

1794 – The United States Post Office was established.

1846 – The first major battle of the Mexican War was fought. The battle occurred in Palo Alto, TX.

1847 – The rubber tire was patented by Robert W. Thompson.

1879 – George Selden applied for the first automobile patent.

1886 – Pharmacist Dr. John Styth Pemberton invented what would later be called “Coca-Cola.”

1914 – The U.S. Congress passed a Joint Resolution that designated the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day.

1915 – H.P. Whitney’s Regret became the first filly to win the Kentucky Derby.

1919 – The U.S. Navy’s first transatlantic flight took off with three Curtiss NC flying boats.

1921 – Sweden abolished capital punishment.

1933 – Gandhi began a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.

1939 – Clay Puett’s electric starting gate was used for the first time.

1943 – The Germans suppressed a revolt by Polish Jews and destroyed the Warsaw Ghetto.

1945 – U.S. President Harry Truman announced that World War II had ended in Europe.

1954 – Parry O’Brien became the first to toss a shot put over 60 feet. O’Brien achieved a distance of 60 feet 5 1/4 inches.

1956 – Alfred E. Neuman appeared on the cover of “Mad Magazine” for the first time.

1958 – U.S. President Eisenhower ordered the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green became the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.

1959 – Mike and Marian Ilitch founded “Little Caesars Pizza Treat”.

1960 – Diplomatic relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union resumed.

1961 – New Yorkers selected a new name for their new National League baseball franchise. They chose the Mets.

1970 – Construction workers broke up an anti-war protest on New York City’s Wall Street.

1973 – Militant American Indians who had held the South Dakota hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrendered.

1984 – The Soviet Union announced that they would not participate in the 1984 Summer Olympics Games in Los Angeles.

1984 – Joanie (Erin Moran) and Chachi (Scott Baio) got married on ABC-TV’s “Happy Days.”

1985 – “New Coke” was released to the public on the 99th anniversary of Coca-Cola.

1986 – Reporters were told that 84,000 people had been evacuated from areas near the Chernobyl nuclear plant in Soviet Ukraine.

1997 – Larry King received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1998 – A pipe burst leaving a million residents without water in Malaysia’s capital area. This added to four days of shortages that 2 million already faced.

1999 – The first female cadet graduated from The Citadel military college

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