Newspaper clipping of The Philadelphia Inquirer in the aftermath of the 1918 Philadelphia Race Riot

The 1918 Race Riot in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania began on July 26, 1918, two days after an African American woman, Adella Bond, moved into her new home in a primarily white area of South Philadelphia.  On the evening of the July 26, a large crowd of white people gathered outside Bond’s home.  As tensions rose within the crowd, someone threw a rock through Bond’s window.  Bond responded by firing a pistol into the air to call for help from the police but she unintentionally hit and injured Joseph Kelly, one of men in the crowd outside.  Rioting began in earnest with Kelly’s shooting and several people were arrested when the police arrived.

Rioting continued on Saturday, July 27 when a group of white men accused an African American man, William Box, of theft. Attempting to defend himself, Box cut one of his attackers on the arm.  His self-defense enraged the mob, who attacked him and attempted to lynch him, when police arrived and arrested Box for assault.

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