1777 – Philadelphia was occupied by British troops during the American Revolutionary War.
1789 – Thomas Jefferson was appointed America’s first Secretary of State. John Jay was appointed the first chief justice of the U.S. Samuel Osgood was appointed the first Postmaster-General. Edmund Jennings Randolph was appointed the first Attorney General.
1892 – “The King of Marches” was introduced to the general public.
1908 – Ed Eulbach of the Chicago Cubs became the first baseball player to pitch both games of a doubleheader and win both with shutouts.
1908 – In “The Saturday Evening Post” an ad for the Edison Phonograph appeared.
1914 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission was established.
1918 – During World War I, the Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans began. It was the final Allied offensive on the western front.
1950 – U.N. troops recaptured the South Korean capital of Seoul from the North Koreans during the Korean Conflict.
1955 – The New York Stock Exchange suffered its worst decline since 1929 when the word was released concerning U.S. President Eisenhower’s heart attack.
1960 – The first televised debate between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy took place in Chicago, IL.
1962 – “The Beverly Hillbillies” premiered on CBS-TV.
1964 – “Gilligan’s Island” premiered on CBS-TV. The show aired for the last time on September 4, 1967.
1969 – “The Brady Bunch” series premiered on ABC-TV.
1980 – The Cuban government abruptly closed Mariel Harbor to end the freedom flotilla of Cuban refugees that began the previous April.
1981 – The Boeing 767 made its maiden flight in Everett, WA.
1984 – Britain and China initialed a draft agreement on the future of Hong Kong when the Chinese take over ruling the British Colony.
1985 – Shamu was born at Sea World in Orlando, FL. Shamu was the first killer whale to survive being born in captivity.
1986 – The episode of “Dallas” that had Bobby Ewing returning from the dead was aired.
1986 – William H. Rehnquist became chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court following the retirement of Warren Burger.
1990 – The Motion Picture Association of America announced that it had created a new rating. The new NC17 rating was to keep moviegoers under the age of 17 from seeing certain films.
1991 – Four men and four women began their two-year stay inside the “Biosphere II.” The project was intended to develop technology for future space colonies.
1991 – The U.S. Congress heard a plea from Kimberly Bergalis concerning mandatory AIDS testing for health care workers.
1993 – The eight people who had stayed in “Biosphere II” emerged from their sealed off environment.
1995 – The warring factions of Bosnia agreed on guidelines for elections and a future government.
1996 – Shannon Lucid returned to Earth after being in space for 188 days. she set a time record for a U.S. astronaut in space and in the world for time spent by a woman in space.
2000 – Slobodan Milosevic conceded that Vojislav Kostunica had won Yugoslavia’s presidential election and declared a runoff. The declared runoff prompted mass protests.
2001 – In Kabul, Afghanistan, the abandoned U.S. Embassy was stormed by protesters. It was the largest anti-Amercian protest since the terror attacks on New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11.
2001 – Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres announced plans to formalize a cease-fire and end a year of fighting in the region.
2006 – Facebook was openened to everyone at least 13 years or older with a valid email address.