1960 – The U.S. Senate passed the Civil Rights Bill –

Civil Rights act of 1960

credit: Civil Rights Act of 1960; RG 11, General Records of the United States Government

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It was designed to deal with discriminatory laws and practices in the segregated South, by which blacks and Mexican Texans had been effectively disenfranchised since the late 19th and start of the 20th century. It extended the life of the Civil Rights Commission, previously limited to two years, to oversee registration and voting practices. The act was signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower and served to eliminate certain loopholes left by the Civil Rights Act of 1957.

The final vote in the House of Representatives was 311–109 (132–15 in the House Republican Conference and 179–93 in the House Democratic Caucus) with 11 members voting present or abstaining, while in the Senate the final vote was 71–18 (29–0 in the Senate Republican Conference and 42–18 in the Senate Democratic Caucus) with 11 members voting present or abstaining.

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