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What do Ishi and the first American Indian reservation have in common? Both share an important anniversary on August 29th.
1758 – The first American Indian reservation (now known as a Native American reservation) is established at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents the world’s first internal combustion motor for the Reitwagen.
1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
1911 – Ishi, believed to be the last remaining member of the Yahi, a group of the Yana people, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California near Oroville. Ishi is considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans.
Ishi means “man” in the Yana language. Anthropologist Alfred Kroeber gave this name to the man because in the Yahi culture it is rude to ask a person’s name. Ishi was taken in by anthropologists at the University of California, Berkeley, who both studied him and hired him as a research assistant until his death.
Image of Ishi is originally from the University of California, Berkeley, and is in the public domain
On August 28, 1957, United States Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina began a filibuster, or extended speech, intended to stop the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957. It began at 8:54 p.m. and lasted until 9:12 p.m. the following day, for a total length of 24 hours and 18 minutes. This made the filibuster the longest single-person filibuster in U.S. Senate history, a record that still stands today .
The content of the filibuster focused primarily on asserting that the bill was both unnecessary and unconstitutional, with Thurmond reading from a number of laws and other legal documents. While the filibuster was supported by many South Carolinians, Thurmond’s decision to filibuster the bill went against a previous agreement among Southern Senators. As a result, Thurmond received mixed praise and criticism for his speech. Thurmond’s filibuster is widely seen as racist today, as the civil rights bill it opposed protected voting rights for African-Americans. Despite the filibuster, the bill passed within two hours of Thurmond’s speech.
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We all know the double life this man lived, as his biracial daughter, Essie Mae Washington-Williams wrote about in her Memoir: Dear Senator
1911 – Ishi, believed to be the last remaining member of the Yahi, a group of the Yana people, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California near Oroville. Ishi is considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans. Ishi means “man” in the Yana language
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BLOG ENTRY POSTED ON AUGUST 29, 2013 by JD THOMAS
On August 29 in 1758 New Jersey established the first American Indian Reservation in Shamong Township, New Jersey. This was the colonies’ first attempt at creating a reservation for Native Americans. The community of Delaware Indians did not last very long. The remnants of the tribe were eventually removed to Western reservations and reservation’s church was utilized by white residents until it burned down in 1802.