1483 – King Richard III of England was crowned.
1699 – Captain William Kidd, the pirate, was captured in Boston, MA, and deported back to England.
1777 – British forces captured Fort Ticonderoga during the American Revolution.
1854 – In Jackson, MI, the Republican Party held its first convention.
1858 – Lyman Blake patented the shoe manufacturing machine.
1885 – Louis Pasteur successfully tested his anti-rabies vaccine. The child used in the test later became the director of the Pasteur Institute.
1905 – Fingerprints were exchanged for the first time between officials in Europe and the U.S. The person in question was John Walker.
1917 – During World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence captured the port of Aqaba from the Turks.
1919 – A British dirigible landed in New York at Roosevelt Field. It completed the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.
1923 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established.
1928 – “The Lights of New York” was previewed in New York’s Strand Theatre. It was the first all-talking movie.
1932 – The postage rate for first class mail in the U.S. went from 2-cents to 3-cents.
1933 – The first All-Star baseball game was held in Chicago. The American League beat the National League 4-2.
1942 – Diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis in Amsterdam.
1945 – U.S. President Truman signed an order creating the Medal of Freedom.
1945 – Nicaragua became the first nation to formally accept the United Nations Charter.
1947 – “Candid Microphone” began airing on ABC radio.
1948 – Frieda Hennok became the first woman to serve as the commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission.
1957 – Althea Gibson won the Wimbledon women’s singles tennis title. She was the first black athlete to win the event.
1966 – Malawi became a republic within the Commonwealth with Dr. Hastings Banda as its first president.
1967 – The Biafran War erupted. The war lasted two-and-a-half years. About 600,000 people died.
1981 – Former President of Argentina Isabel Peron was freed after five years of house arrest by a federal court.
1981 – The Dupont Company announced an agreement to purchase Conoco, Inc. (Continental Oil Co.) for $7 billion. At the time it was the largest merger in corporate history.
1983 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that retirement plans could not pay women smaller monthly payments solely because of their gender.
1983 – Fred Lynn (California Angels) hit the first grand slam in an All-Star game. The American League defeated the National League 13-3.
1985 – Martina Navratilova won her 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title.
1985 – The submarine Nautilus arrived in Groton, Connecticut. The vessel had been towed from Mare Island Naval Shipyard.
1988 – Several popular beaches were closed in New York City due to medical waste and other debris began washing up on the seashores.
1996 – Steffi Graf won her seventh Wimbledon title.
1997 – The Mars Pathfinder released Sojourner, a robot rover on the surface of Mars. The spacecraft landed on the red planet on July 4th.
1997 – In Cambodia, Second Prime Minister Hun Sen ousted First Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh and claimed to have the capital under his control.
1998 – Protestants rioted in many parts of Northern Ireland after British authorities blocked an Orange Order march in Portadown.
2000 – A jury awarded former NHL player Tony Twist $24 million for the unauthorized use of his name in the comic book Spawn and the HBO cartoon series. Co-defendant HBO settled with Twist out of court for an undisclosed amount.