on this day … 7/20

1801 – A 1,235 pound cheese ball was pressed at the farm of Elisha Brown, Jr. The ball of cheese was later loaded on a horse-driven wagon and presented to U.S. President Thomas Jefferson at the White House.

1810 – Colombia declared independence from Spain.

1859 – Brooklyn and New York played baseball at Fashion Park Race Course on Long Island, NY. The game marked the first time that admission had been charged for to see a ball game. It cost $.50 to get in and the players on the field did not receive a salary (until 1863).

1861 – The Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, VA.

1868 – Legislation that ordered U.S. tax stamps to be placed on all cigarette packs was passed. 

1871 – British Columbia joined Confederation as a Canadian province.

1881 – Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since the Battle of the Little Big Horn, surrendered to federal troops. (Montana)

1917 – The draft lottery in World War I went into operation.

1935 – NBC radio debuted “G-men.” The show was later renamed “Gangbusters.”

1942 – The first detachment of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, (WACS) began basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.

1944 – An attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler failed. The bomb exploded at Hitler’s Rastenburg headquarters. Hitler was only wounded.

1944 – U.S. President Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term of office at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

1947 – The National Football League (NFL) ruled that no professional team could sign a player who had college eligibility remaining.

1961 – “Stop the World, I Want to Get Off” opened in London.

1969 – Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. became the first men to walk on the moon. 

1974 – Turkish forces invaded Cyprus.

1976 – America’s Viking I robot spacecraft made a successful landing on Mars.

1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan pulled the U.S. out of comprehensive test ban negotiations indefinitely. 

1985 – Treasure hunters began raising $400 million in coins and silver from the Spanish galleon “Nuestra Senora de Atocha.” The ship sank in 1622 40 miles of the coast of Key West, FL.

1992 – Vaclav Havel, the playwright who led the Velvet Revolution against communism, stepped down as president of Czechoslovakia.

1998 – Russia won a $11.2 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund to help avert the devaluation of its currency.

2003 – In India, elephants used for commercial work began wearing reflectors to avoid being hit by cars during night work

Daily Holidays and Observances in July 2022

July 1

  • American Zoo Day
  • Canada Day
  • Drive Your Corvette to Work Day
  • International Chicken Wing Day
  • International Joke Day
  • International Reggae Day
  • National Creative Ice Cream Flavors Day

July 2

  • National Disco Day
  • World UFO Day

July 3

  • Air Conditioning Appreciation Day
  • National Fried Clam Day

July 4

  • Independence Day

July 5

  • Bikini Day
  • National Apple Turnover Day
  • National Graham Cracker Day

July 6

  • International Kissing Day
  • National Fried Chicken Day

July 7

  • National Father Daughter Take a Walk Day
  • National Macaroni Day
  • National Strawberry Sundae Day
  • World Chocolate Day

July 8

  • Be a Kid Again Day
  • National Freezer Pop Day
  • Video Games Day

July 9

  • Collector Car Appreciation Day
  • National Sugar Cookie Day
  • Eid al-Adha

July 10

  • Don’t Step on a Bee Day
  • Pick Blueberries Day
  • National Kitten Day
  • National Piña Colada Day
  • World Miniature Golf Day

July 11

  • All American Pet Photo Day
  • International Essential Oils Day
  • National Swimming Pool Day

July 12

  • Cow Appreciation Day
  • Etch a Sketch Day
  • National Pecan Pie Day
  • National Eat Your Jell-O Day

July 13

  • National Barbershop Music Appreciation Day
  • National French Fry Day

July 14

  • Bastille Day
  • Shark Awareness Day
  • National Mac and Cheese Day

July 15

  • National Clean Beauty Day
  • National Gummi Worm Day
  • National Pet Fire Safety Day
  • National Tapioca Pudding Day

July 16

  • Guinea Pig Appreciation Day
  • National Cherry Day
  • National Corn Fritters Day
  • National Fresh Spinach Day
  • World Snake Day

July 17

  • National Ice Cream Day
  • World Emoji Day

July 18

  • Amazon Prime Day
  • National Caviar Day
  • National Sour Candy Day

July 19

  • National Daiquiri Day
  • National Raspberry Cake Day
  • National Urban Beekeeping Day

July 20

  • International Chess Day
  • National Fortune Cookie Day
  • National Hot Dog Day
  • National Lollipop Day

July 21

  • National Junk Food Day

July 22

  • National Hammock Day
  • National Mango Day

July 23

  • National Gorgeous Grandma Day
  • National Sprout Day
  • National Vanilla Ice Cream Day

July 24

  • National Cousins Day
  • National Parents’ Day

July 25

  • National Hot Fudge Sundae Day
  • National Merry Go Round Day
  • National Wine and Cheese Day

July 26

  • Holistic Therapy Day
  • National Aunt and Uncle Day
  • National Coffee Milkshake Day
  • National Dog Photography Day
  • World Tofu Day

July 27

  • Bagpipe Appreciation Day
  • Chicken Finger Day
  • Take Your Houseplant for a Walk Day

July 28

  • National Chili Dog Day
  • National Milk Chocolate Day
  • National Waterpark Day
  • World Nature Conservation Day
  • World Hepatitis Day

July 29

  • International Tiger Day
  • Islamic New Year
  • National Lasagna Day
  • National Lipstick Day

July 30

  • International Day of Friendship
  • National Cheesecake Day
  • Paperback Book Day
  • World Snorkeling Day

July 31

  • Hawaii Flag Day
  • National Avocado Day
  • National Mutt Day

Weekly Observances in July 2022