on this day 6/20 1943 – Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit. Federal troops were sent in two days later to end the violence that left more than 30 dead.

0451 – Roman and Barbarian warriors brought Attila’s army to a halt at the Catalaunian Plains in eastern France.

1397 – The Union of Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden, and Norway under one monarch.

1756 – In India, 150 British soldiers were imprisoned in a cell that became known as the “Black Hole of Calcutta.”

1782 – The U.S. Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States.

1791 – King Louis XVI of France was captured while attempting to flee the country in the so-called Flight to Varennes.

1793 – Eli Whitney applied for a cotton gin patent. He received the patent on March 14. The cotton gin initiated the American mass-production concept.

1837 – Queen Victoria ascended the British throne following the death of her uncle, King William IV.

1863 – West Virginia became the 35th state to join the U.S.

1863 – The National Bank of Philadelphia in Philadelphia, PA, became the first bank to receive a charter from the U.S.Congress.

1898 – The U.S. Navy seized the island of Guam enroute to the Phillipines to fight the Spanish.

1910 – Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaimed martial law and arrested hundreds.

1910 – Fanny Brice debuted in the New York production of the “Ziegfeld Follies”.

1923 – France announced it would seize the Rhineland to assist Germany in paying its war debts.

1941 – The U.S. Army Air Forces was established, replacing the Army Air Corps. The Army Air Forces were abolished with the creation of the United States Air Force in 1947.

1943 – Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit. Federal troops were sent in two days later to end the violence that left more than 30 dead.

1947 – Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel was murdered in Beverly Hills, CA, at the order of mob associates angered over the soaring costs of his project, the Flamingo resort in Las Vegas, NV.

1950 – Willie Mays graduated from high school and immediately signed with the New York Giants.

1955 – The AFL and CIO agreed to combine names and a merge into a single group.

1963 – The United States and Soviet Union signed an agreement to set up a hot line communication link between the two countries.

1966 – The U.S. Open golf tournament was broadcast in color for the first time.

1967 – Muhammad Ali was convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. The U.S.Supreme Court later overturned the conviction.

1977 – The Trans-Alaska Pipeline began operation.

1979 – ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot to death in Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President Anastasio Somoza’s national guard.

1983 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employers must treat male and female workers equally in providing health benefits for their spouses.

1997 – The tobacco industry agreed to a massive settlement in exchange for major relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.

2001 – Barry Bonds (San Francisco Giants) hit his 38th home run of the season. The home run broke the major league baseball record for homers before the midseason All-Star break.

2002 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the execution of mentally retarded murderers was unconstitutionally cruel. The vote was 6 in favor and 3 against.

two weeks notice of … ~ Working Washington

We are Working Washington

Seattle’s strongest-in-the-nation secure scheduling law takes effect on July 1st — exactly two weeks from today. That means that if you work in Seattle for a large company or chain in coffee, food, or retail, you will have important new rights:

  • Two week’s notice of your schedule.
  • Predictability pay if the employer changes that schedule.
  • A right to rest — no mandatory clopening shifts.
  • Access to additional hours if you want them.
  • And more, including input into your schedule and a good-faith estimate of your hours.

We put together a page with the key information you need to understand how the law works and what your rights are. We’re asking members like you to help us test it out — and then help us spread the word far & wide.

Check it out, let us know what you think, and then help us make the page even better by asking us any questions you may have.

Whether or not you work in a job that’s directly affected by the law, you should be proud that your support is a big part of the reason that tens of thousands of fast food, coffee and retail workers in Seattle are two weeks away from a breakthrough that will change lives and set a new standard for the entire country.

And if you think that’s good news that ought to be spread far & wide, you can click here to add your thumbs-up in support.

Thanks you for everything you did to help make this happen!


Working Washington

Is The Hilton building a hotel on a dolphin habitat?

Petitioning Mark Nogal

Prevent Hilton from building a hotel on top of a dolphin breeding ground

Petition by PLANET REHAB
Hilton, we’re breaking up with you, so that we can save the dolphins before it’s too late!

Hilton Hotels plans on building a large-scale Hilton Curio Botanika Resort and adjacent mega marina on top of a mangrove estuary in Costa Rica, on the Osa Peninsula. By building this resort here, they will fill in a precious river mouth and mangrove estuary degrading marine life and mangrove habitat that’s essential for the reproduction of many marine species, potentially destroying endemic dolphin breeding grounds and putting all aquatic marine life in imminent danger.

This large-scale Hilton Hotel Botanika Resort can only be stopped by an urgent appeal to the directors of Hilton Curio Worldwide, alerting them to the potential damage their project will cause in the already delicate mangrove coastal environment.

We need YOUR help to have our voices be heard, that way Hilton can hear us and know that they can still prevent this tragedy from happening. The aquatic marine life and endangered species in this region depend on your voice, so please help us today by signing this petition.

Detroit Race Riot 6/20 (1943)

Pulling a Man Off a Streetcar, Detroit Riot, 1943
Pulling a Man Off a Streetcar, Detroit Riot, 1943

The Detroit Riot of 1943 lasted only about 24 hours from 10:30 on June 20 to 11:00 p.m. on June 21; nonetheless it was considered one of the worst riots during the World War II era.  Several contributing factors revolved around police brutality, and the sudden influx of black migrants from the south into the city, lured by the promise of jobs in defense plants.  The migrants faced an acute housing shortage which many thought would be reduced by the construction of public housing.  However the construction of public housing for blacks in predominately white neighborhoods often created racial tension.

The Sojourner Truth Homes Riot in 1942, for example, began when whites were enraged by the opening of that project in their neighborhood.  Mobs attempted to keep the black residents from moving into their new homes.  That confrontation laid the foundation for the much larger riot one year later.

On June 20, a warm Saturday evening, a fist fight broke out between a black man and a white man at the sprawling Belle Isle Amusement Park in the Detroit River.  The brawl eventually grew into a confrontation between groups of blacks and whites, and then spilled into the city.  Stores were looted, and buildings were burned in the riot, most of which were located in a black neighborhood.  The riot took place in an area of roughly two miles in and around Paradise Valley, one of the oldest and poorest neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan.

As the violence escalated, both blacks and whites engaged in violence.  Blacks dragged whites out of cars and looted white-owned stores in Paradise Valley while whites overturned and burned black-owned vehicles and attacked African Americans on streetcars along Woodward Avenue and other major streets.  The Detroit police did little in the rioting, often siding with the white rioters in the violence.

The violence ended only after President Franklin Roosevelt, at the request of Detroit Mayor Edward Jeffries, Jr., ordered 6,000 federal troops into the city.  Twenty-five blacks and nine whites were killed in the violence.  Of the 25 African Americans who died, 17 were killed by the police.  The police claimed that these shootings were justified since the victims were engaged in looting stores on Hastings Street.  Of the nine whites who died, none were killed by the police.  The city suffered an estimated $2 million in property damages.

Allen D. Grimshaw, ed., Racial Violence in the United States (Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1969); Stephen Thernstrom and Abigail Thernstrom, America in Black and White (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997).


University of Washington

– See more at: http://www.blackpast.org/aah/detroit-race-riot-1943#sthash.SE2l3O76.dpuf

Public lands on trial


Stands of spruce and aspen. (Ted Zukoski/Earthjustice)
The new fight to defend this pristine national forest—and our climate
Every time Arch Coal has tried to destroy the Sunset Roadless area they’ve been thwarted by Earthjustice and our partners. But this time Arch Coal brings a new ally: President Trump.
The algae, caused by agricultural runoff in the Shenandoah Valley, interfere with recreational uses of the river, such as swimming, kayaking and fishing. It also harms native grasses and affects aquatic life. (Alan Lehman/Potomac Riverkeeper Network)
Who is allowing industrial manure to pollute the Shenandoah River?
State and federal authorities lack the political will to enforce the Clean Water Act. So Earthjustice and our local partners are taking the fight to court.
Hikers explore lush cedar forests in the East Fork Bull River drainage of the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness. (Katherine O’Brien/Earthjustice)
Industrial mine halted on the doorstep of last remaining grizzly bear habitat
The proposed mine would have drained some of the nation’s purest streams and jeopardized the survival of bull trout and grizzly bears.
A greater sage grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), near Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. (Photo courtesy of Dan Dzurisin)
The last American sage grouses
To benefit dirty fuels, Secretary Zinke plans to cut protections for a threatened bird and icon of the West.
Stars illuminate the landscape of Bears Ears National Monument. (Photo courtesy of Marc Toso)
An outdoor retailer steps into the legal arena to defend wild places
Protecting wild places and natural resources was a founding tenet of outdoor retailer Patagonia, and now environmental litigation has become a top strategy.

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“If President Trump follows Secretary Zinke’s recommendation to shrink the boundaries of these cherished lands, we will see him in court.”
— Heidi McIntosh, Earthjustice’s managing attorney in the Rocky Mountains and a public lands expert.