Signers … above
The “Mayflower Compact” was signed on 11 November 1620 onboard the Mayflower shortly after she came to anchor off Provincetown Harbor. The Pilgrims had obtained permission from English authorities to settle in Virginia, whose northern border at the time extended up to what is now New York. The Pilgrims had originally intended to settle near the mouth of the Hudson River, but due to dangerous shoals and a near shipwreck on their attempt to head south, they decided instead to plant themselves outside the bounds of the Virginia Company patent–which caused some “mutinous speeches” amongst some of the passengers. The Mayflower Compact was an attempt to establish a temporary, legally-binding form of self-government until such time as the Company could get formal permission from the Council of New England. This formal permission came in the form of the Pierce Patent of 1621.
The original Mayflower Compact has been lost, perhaps falling victim to Revolutionary War looting. The text was first published in London in 1622 in A Relation or Journal of the Beginning and Proceeding of the English Plantation Settled at Plymouth in New England. A copy of it is found in William Bradford’s handwritten history, Of Plymouth Plantation, made about 1630. And Nathaniel Morton, secretary for Plymouth Colony, published it, along with the earliest known list of the signers, in his history, New England’s Memorial, published in 1669. A list of signers is also found in Thomas Prince’s 1736 book, Chronological History of New England; and Thomas Hutchinson published a list of signers in 1767 as well. It is uncertain if they had access to the original, or were basing their list of signers off Nathaniel Morton’s.
The following is an image of the original handwritten page of Governor William Bradford’s history Of Plymouth Plantation. This is followed by an exact, line-by-line transcription. Spelling and punctuation have not been modernized.
Do something for a Veteran …
As we move deeper into autumn and winter-like weather, most if not all Americans, recognize Veterans Day. I am not sure most or any employers in the Private Sector do. Most of us have our minds on many things but the current election, the elect President Biden. What with trump admin still being an obstacle instead of reporting the wrongdoing by trump was a better option is insane! While all the BREAKING news sets gotta say there weren’t as many Veteran Day ads on Tv this year and the ending this era of trump we cannot forget all the folks we lost since December, long before anything significant was done for the elderly people of colour who were also veterans. still brings back memories of my brother. My brother was, a Marine, a phenomenal artist and promising professional football athlete who could have gotten drafted after high school but, under the old laws of mandatory military service, he was of an age with no option to say no contrary to some upper class mostly white men who begged while others received many deferments. I know he accepted his situation was an exceptional soldier and we all hoped for the best, always prayed, knowing the end result of any war he and his fellow soldiers and friends were subjected to back then almost always meant injuries, mental health issues and possibly death. He and his fellow Soldiers served the best they could. In the end, my brother received a whole lot of medals but at the cost of having a pacemaker, his body was heavily grafted and his hand mangled from protecting his men when a land mine blew up. I will admit as proud as we are were, he made some terrible mistakes during and after his years in service; like others he suffered from all that he endured in the Vietnam War in the name of “Military Service” which was forced upon so many young men unable to vote or drink, they die while others are still unable to get the help they so need. He was far from perfect, but our family loved and are very proud of him … peace and love bro. on Veterans day.
Thinking of all the Patriotic people who have chosen to serve and protect our country in some form we should all thank them for keeping us safe.