on this day … 10/23

Hostage crisis in Moscow theater
On October 23, 2002, about 50 Chechen rebels storm a Moscow theater, taking up to 700 people hostage during a sold-out performance of a popular musical. The second act of the musical “Nord Ost” was just beginning at the Moscow Ball-Bearing Plant’s Palace of Culture when an armed man walked onstage… read more »
British fleet suffers defeat at Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania »
U.S. Embassy in Beirut hit by massive car bomb »
Battle of Westport, Missouri »
Hungarian protest turns violent »
An abortion-performing doctor is murdered »
Gas leak kills 23 at plastics factory »
Rival governments in bleeding Kansas »
Beirut barracks blown up »
Brutus commits suicide »
Michael Crichton is born »
Chicago has its first #1 hit with “If You Leave Me Now” »
American fur traders turn over Astoria, Oregon, to the British »
President Benjamin Harrison extends borders of Nebraska »
1st Cavalry Division launches Operation Silver Bayonet »
U.S. negotiators ask for further talks in Paris »
Soviets switch commanders in drive to halt Germans »

Know Your Rights …

reblogged – Gotta wonder,  what has changed 8 years later

What does placing your signature on the Miranda Waiver Really Mean?

by jeanfandrews

Deaf suspects are asked routinely to sign the Miranda Warning Waiver affirming they waive their rights. What does this mean? For the police and detective this means that the deaf person understands the six statements of the Miranda and read it with comprehension. When they sign their name on the waiver, this means they waiver their rights to remain silent, seek an attorney before questioning and so on. However, the deaf person may sign their name and have a different view. A deaf defendant who may read at the third grade or below may not be able to read the Miranda. They may put their signature on the document simply to appear cooperative. How can the detective determine if the deaf person understands the Miranda Warning? One way is to have a sign language interpreter present. This rarely happens. Typically, police and detectives relay on written communication and lipreading which are rarely effective for deaf defendants whose primary language is American Sign Language (ASL). Two viewpoints–one from the detective or police and one from the deaf defendants. The police and detectives run the risk of having their interrogation and confessions of the defendant thrown out of court or suppressed if they fail to provide for a sign language interpreter. This is not only Federal law but is found in many state statutes as well. What is the answer? More education for detectives and police about the difficulties deaf adults have in comprehending the Miranda.

on this day … 10/23 1915 – Approximately 25,000 women demanded the right to vote with a march in New York City, NY. 

1775 – Continental Congress approved resolution barring Blacks from the army.

1864 – During the U.S. Civil War, Union forces led by Gen. Samuel R. Curtis defeated the Confederate forces in Missouri that were under Gen. Stirling Price.

1910 – Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a public solo airplane flight in the United States.

1915 – The first U.S. championship horseshoe tourney was held in Kellerton, IA.

1915 – Approximately 25,000 women demanded the right to vote with a march in New York City, NY

1929 – In the U.S., the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged starting the stock-market crash that began the Great Depression. 

1930 – J.K. Scott won the first miniature golf tournament. The event was held in Chattanooga, TN.

1942 – During World War II, the British began a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein, Egypt.

1944 – During World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf began.

1946 – The United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time. 

1956 – Hungarian citizens began an uprising against Soviet occupation. On November 4, 1956 Soviet forces enter Hungary and eventually suppress the uprising.

1956 – NBC broadcasted the first videotape recording. The tape of Jonathan Winters was seen coast to coast in the U.S.

1958 – Russian poet and novelist Boris Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. He was forced to refuse the honor due to negative Soviet reaction. Pasternak won the award for writing “Dr. Zhivago”.

1962 – During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. naval “quarantine” of Cuba was approved by the Council of the Organization of American States (OAS).

1962 – The U.S. Navy reconnaissance squadron VFP-62 began overflights of Cuba under the code name “Blue Moon.”

1971 – The U.N. General Assembly voted to expel Taiwan and seat Communist China.

1973 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon agreed to turn over the subpoenaed tapes concerning the Watergate affair. 

1978 – China and Japan formally ended four decades of hostility when they exchanged treaty ratifications.

1980 – The resignation of Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin was announced.

1984 – “NBC Nightly News” aired footage of the severe drought in Ethiopia.

1985 – U.S. President Reagan arrived in New York to address the U.N. General Assembly.

1989 – Hungary became an independent republic, after 33 years of Soviet rule.

1992 – Japanese Emperor Akihito became the first Japanese emperor to stand on Chinese soil.

1993 – Joe Carter (Toronto Blue Jays) became only the second player to end the World Series with a homerun.

1995 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin and U.S. President Bill Clinton agree to a joint peacekeeping effort in the war-torn Bosnia.

1998 – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a breakthrough in a land-for-peace West Bank accord.

1998 – Japan nationalized its first bank since World War II.

2000 – Universal Studios Consumer Products Group (USCPG) and Amblin Entertainment announced an unprecedented and exclusive three-year worldwide merchandising program with Toys “R” Us, Inc. The deal was for the rights to exclusive “E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial” merchandise starting in fall 2001. The film was scheduled for re-release in the spring of 2002.

2001 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft began orbiting Mars. In 2010, it became the longest-operating spacecraft ever sent to Mars.