on this day … 10/28


1965
Gateway Arch completed
On this day in 1965, construction is completed on the Gateway Arch, a spectacular 630-foot-high parabola of stainless steel marking the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial on the waterfront of St. Louis, Missouri. The Gateway Arch, designed by Finnish-born, American-educated architect Eero… read more »
1775
British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston »
1992
Leif Erickson Tunnel completes 1,593-mile I-35 »
1864
Second Battle of Fair Oaks concludes »
1962
The Cuban Missile Crisis comes to an end »
1961
Chuck Berry goes on trial for the second time »
DI
1999
Cyclone intensifies near India »
G
1886
Statue of Liberty dedicated »
1919
Congress enforces prohibition »
1905
George Bernard Shaw’s Mrs. Warren’s Profession is performed in New York »
MUSIC
1998
President Bill Clinton signs the Digital Millennium Copyright Act into law »
1965
Workers complete the famous Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri »
1886
Grover Cleveland dedicates Statue of Liberty »
1922
Princeton-Chicago football game is broadcast across the country »
1962
Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba »
1964
U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing of North Vietnam. »
1965
Viet Cong commandos raid U.S. airfields »
1918
German sailors begin to mutiny »
1940
Italy invades Greece »

1919 – The U.S. Congress enacted the Volstead Act, also known as the National Prohibition Act. Prohibition was repealed in 1933 with the passing of the 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.


The Volstead Act
October 28, 1919
The Volstead Act
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
Serving a total of 10 terms in the House of Representatives, Andrew Volstead of Minnesota chaired the Judiciary Committee in the 66th and 67th Congresses (1919-1923).

On this date, the 66th Congress (1919–1921) overrode President Woodrow Wilson’s veto of the National Prohibition Act. Known as the Volstead Act (H.R. 6810), after Judiciary Chairman Andrew Volstead of Minnesota, this law was introduced by the House to implement the Prohibition Amendment by defining the process and procedures for banning alcoholic beverages, as well as their production and distribution. When Volstead introduced an earlier version of the law (H.R. 3458) on May 27, 1919, Democrats countered with what would be known as the “wet law,” or repeal of the Wartime Prohibition. The battle between the “wets” and the “bone-drys,” as Prohibition supporters were known, ensued that summer in the House. In one debate, Chairman Volstead defended the act, stating “The American people have said that they do not want any liquor sold, and they have said it emphatically by passing almost unanimously the constitutional amendment.” With a Republican majority in the House, the law passed the chamber convincingly on July 22, 1919 with a vote 287 to 100. The Volstead Act remained in effect until the passage of the 21st Amendment, which repealed Prohibition in 1933.

Resource: history.house.gov/