1683 – The first Mennonites arrived in America aboard the Concord. The German and Dutch families settled in an area that is now a neighborhood in Philadelphia, PA.
1848 – The steamboat SS California left New York Harbor for San Francisco via Cape Horn. The steamboat service arrived on February 28, 1849. The trip took 4 months and 21 days.
1857 – The American Chess Congress held their first national chess tournament in New York City.
1863 – The first Turkish bath was opened in Brooklyn, NY, by Dr. Charles Shepard.
1866 – The Reno Brothers pulled the first train robbery in America near Seymour, IN. The got away with $10,000.
1880 – The National League kicked the Cincinnati Reds out for selling beer.
1884 – The Naval War College was established in Newport, RI.
1889 – In Paris, the Moulin Rouge opened its doors to the public for the first time.
1889 – The Kinescope was exhibited by Thomas Edison. He had patented the moving picture machine in 1887.
1890 – Polygamy was outlawed by the Mormon Church.
1927 – “The Jazz Singer” opened in New York starring Al Jolson. The film was based on the short story “The Day of Atonement” by Sampson Raphaelson.
1928 – War-torn China was reunited under the Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek.
1939 – Adolf Hitler denied any intention to wage war against Britain and France in an address to Reichstag.
1948 – “Summer and Smoke” by Tennessee Williams opened on Broadway.
1949 – U.S. president Harry Truman signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Act. The act provided $1.3 billion in the form of military aid to NATO countries.
1954 – E.L. Lyon became the first male nurse for the U.S. Army.
1961 – U.S. president John F. Kennedy advised American families to build or buy bomb shelters to protect them in the event of a nuclear exchange with the Soviet Union.
1962 – Robert Goulet began the role of Sir Lancelot in “Camelot”.
1973 – Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in an attempt to win back territory that had been lost in the third Arab-Israel war. Support for Israel led to a devastating oil embargo against many nations including the U.S. and Great Britain on October 17, 1973. The war lasted 2 weeks.
1979 – Pope John Paul II became the first pontiff to visit the White House.
1991 – Elizabeth Taylor married Larry Fortensky. The ceremony was held at Michael Jackson’s estate near Los Angeles, CA. It was Taylor’s 8th marriage and Fortensky’s 3rd.
1992 – Ross Perot appeared in his first paid broadcast on CBS-TV after entering the U.S. presidential race.
Polygamy (called plural marriage by Mormons in the 19th century or the Principle by modern fundamentalist practitioners of polygamy) was practiced by leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) for more than half of the 19th century and practiced publicly from 1852 to 1890 by between 20 and 30 percent of Latter-day Saint families. Today, various denominations of fundamentalist Mormonism continue to practice polygamy.