1547 – Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia.
1572 – The Duke of Norfolk was tried for treason for complicity in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. He was executed on June 2.
1759 – The British Museum opened.
1809 – The British defeated the French at the Battle of Corunna, in the Peninsular War.
1866 – Mr. Everett Barney patented the metal screw, clamp skate.
1883 – The United States Civil Service Commission was established as the Pendleton Act went into effect.
1896 – The first five-player college basketball game was played at Iowa City, IA.
1900 – The U.S. Senate consented to the Anglo-German treaty of 1899, by which the U.K. renounced rights to the Samoan islands.
1919 – The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibited the sale or transportation of alcoholic beverages, was ratified. It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.
1920 – Prohibition went into effect in the U.S.
1920 – The motion picture “The Kid” opened.
1925 – Leon Trotsky was dismissed as Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of the USSR.
1939 – The “I Love a Mystery” debuted on NBC’s West-Coast outlets.
1944 – General Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied invasion force in London.
1961 – Mickey Mantle signed a contract that made him the highest paid baseball player in the American League at $75,000 for the 1961 season.
1964 – “Hello Dolly!” opened at the St. James Theatre in New York City.
1970 – Colonel Muammar el-Quaddafi became virtual president of Libya.
1970 – Buckminster Fuller, the designer of the geodesic dome, was awarded the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects.
1979 – The Shah of Iran and his family fled Iran for Egypt.
1982 – Britain and the Vatican resumed full diplomatic relations after a break of over 400 years.
1985 – “Playboy” magazine announced its 30-year tradition of stapling centerfold models in the bellybutton and elsewhere would come to an immediate end.
1988 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder was fired as a CBS sports commentator one day after telling a TV station in Washington, DC, that, during the era of slavery, blacks had been bred to produce stronger offspring.
1998 – Researchers announce that an altered gene helped to defend against HIV.
1991 – The White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm. The operation was designed to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
1992 – Officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war. At least 75,000 people were killed during the fighting.
1998 – The first woman to enroll at Virginia Military Institute withdrew from the school.
1998 – NASA officially announced that John Glenn would fly aboard the space shuttle Discovery in October.
1998 – It was announced that Texas would receive $15.3 billion in a tobacco industry settlement. The payouts were planned to take place over 25 years.
1998 – Three federal judges secretly granted Kenneth Starr authority to probe whether U.S. President Clinton or Vernon Jordan urged Monica Lewinsky to lie about her relationship with Clinton.
2000 – Ricardo Lagos was elected Chile’s first socialist president since Salvador Allende.
2002 – U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft announced that John Walker Lindh would be brought to the United States to face trial. He was charged in U.S. District Court in Alexandria, VA, with conspiracy to kill U.S. citizens, providing support to terrorist organizations, and engaging in prohibited transactions with the Taliban of Afghanistan.
2002 – The U.N. Security Council unanimously adopted sanctions against Osama bin Laden, his terror network and the remnants of the Taliban. The sanctions required that all nations impose arms embargoes and freeze their finances.
2009 – The iTunes Music Store reached 500 million applications downloaded.