This month marks the 1965 marches in Selma, Alabama — a moment in American history that is layered with bravery, fear, hope, hatred, violence, perseverance, and triumph.
In many ways, Selma is the quintessential American story of people banding together against all odds to stand up for the promise of freedom and fairness. It is a story that deserves to be told, explored and understood by every American in this country.
It is because of events like the Selma marches … and the entire Civil Rights Movement … that makes the completing of the National Museum of African American History and Culture on the National Mall so important.
The construction of the Museum is more than halfway complete. But to ensure we can open the Museum’s doors in early fall of next year as scheduled requires additional support from those of us who understand the importance of building this place of remembrance, celebration and reconciliation. Please help keep us on track with a donation of $ 25 or more today.
When I think of African American history, I often think of Selma, Alabama and the Civil Rights crusaders who made the historic marches and all of the African-American heroes, famous and not famous, and the white supporters who came together to push freedom forward.
I’m thinking of people like Amelia Boynton who was beaten, tear-gassed, and left for dead during the Bloody Sunday March. Ms. Boynton lived to tell her story and she is now 103 years old. But it is up to people like you and me to build our Museum to make sure her brave story lives on forever.
That is why the Museum embarked on the very important task of interviewing people who were foot soldiers in the Civil Rights Movement, to give them the chance to tell their stories and have them preserved and shared in ways that resonate with people from all backgrounds.
So as we spend this month commemorating the heroes who courageously marched from Selma to Montgomery in 1965, please take your celebration one step further by making a special contribution of $ 25 or more to the Museum that will forever share this important history with the world.
On behalf of the entire Museum, thank you again for your leadership and support.
0322 BC – Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, died.
1774 – The British closed the port of Boston to all commerce.
1799 – In Palestine, Napoleon captured Jaffa and his men massacred more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners.
1848 – In Hawaii, the Great Mahele was signed.
1849 – The Austrian Reichstag was dissolved.
1850 – U.S. Senator Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a method of preserving the Union.
1854 – Charles Miller received a patent for the sewing machine.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell received a patent (U.S. Patent No. 174,465) for his telephone.
1901 – A grand jury indicted four citizens of Anderson, SC, that had been operating a slavery system in parts of South Carolina. It was determined that many African-Americans were captured while traveling, were jailed and then sent to work for local landowners.
1904 – The Japanese bombed the Russian town of Vladivostok.
1904 – In Springfield, OH, a mob broke into a jail and shot a black man accused of murder.
1906 – Finland granted women the right to vote.
1908 – Cincinnati’s Mayor Leopold Markbreit announced before the city council that, “Women are not physically fit to operate automobiles.”
1911 – Willis Farnworth patented the coin-operated locker.
1911 – In the wake of the Mexican Revolution, the U.S. sent 20,000 troops to the border of Mexico.
1918 – Finland signed an alliance treaty with Germany.
1925 – The Soviet Red Army occupied Outer Mongolia.
1933 – CBS radio debuted “Marie The Little French Princess.” It was the first daytime radio serial.
1933 – The board game Monopoly was invented.
1935 – Malcolm Campbell set an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
1936 – Hitler sent German troops into the Rhineland in violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles.
1942 – Japanese troops landed on New Guinea.
1945 – During World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany.
1947 – John L. Lewis declared that only a totalitarian regime could prevent strikes.
1951 – U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launched Operation Ripper against the Chinese.
1954 – Russia appeared for the first time in ice-hockey competition. Russia defeated Canada 7-2 to win the world ice-hockey title in Stockholm, Sweden.
1955 – “Peter Pan” was presented as a television special for the first time.
1955 – Baseball commissioner Ford Frick said that he was in favor of legalizing the spitball.
1955 – Phyllis Diller made her debut at the Purple Onion in San Francisco, CA.
1959 – Melvin C. Garlow became the first pilot to fly over a million miles in jet airplanes.
1965 – State troopers and a sheriff’s posse broke up a march by civil rights demonstrators in Selma, AL.
1968 – The Battle of Saigon came to an end.
1971 – A thousand U.S. planes bombed Cambodia and Laos.
1975 – The U.S. Senate revised the filibuster rule. The new rule allowed 60 senators to limit debate instead of the previous two-thirds.
1981 – Anti-government guerrillas in Colombia executed the kidnapped American Bible translator Chester Allen Bitterman. The guerrillas accused Bitterman of being a CIA agent.
1983 – TNN (The Nashville Network) began broadcasting.
1985 – “Commonwealth” magazine ceased publication after five decades.
1985 – The first AIDS antibody test, an ELISA-type test, was released.
1987 – Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight titleholder when he beat James Smith in a decision during a 12-round fight in Las Vegas, NV.
1989 – Poland accused the Soviet Union of a World War II massacre in Katyn.
1994 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered “fair use” that does not require permission from the copyright holder.
1994 – In Moldova, a referendum was rejected by 90% of voters to form a union with Rumania.
1999 – In El Salvador, Francisco Flores Pérez of the ruling Nationalist Republican Alliance (Arena) was elected president.
2002 – A federal judge awarded Anna Nicole Smith more than $88 million in damages. The ruling was the latest in a legal battle over the estate of Smith’s late husband, J. Howard Marshall II.
2003 – Scientists at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center announced that they had transferred 6.7 gigabytes of uncompressed data from Sunnvale, CA, to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 58 seconds. The data was sent via fiber-optic cables and traveled 6,800 miles.
2009 – NASA’s Kepler Mission, a space photometer for searching for extrasolar planets in the Milky Way galaxy, was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
2012 – The successor to Apple’s iPad2 was unveiled.
2017 – In Malta, the Azure Window landmark collapsed into the sea after period of heavy storms.
After Half a Century of Fighting for Justice.
Thanks to alan grayson … we are reminded who is fighting for the People and needs our Support
Contribute to: John Lewis and Alan Grayson
There is a general impression, on the part of many, that the Sixties was a decade-long haze of drugs and free love. I can’t really say, since I was born in 1958. I know one person, however, who certainly did not experience it that way. That person is Congressman John Lewis.
John Lewis was one of the original 13 Freedom Riders, who challenged racial segregation on the buses in the South. He also was the Chairman of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee.
In 1961 and 1962, Lewis was arrested. Twenty-four times.
In Anniston, Alabama, Klan members deflated the tires of a bus that Lewis and the other Freedom Riders had boarded. Then they firebombed it.
In Birmingham, Lewis was beaten. In Rock Hill, South Carolina, two white men punched Lewis in the face, and kicked him in the ribs.
In Montgomery, a mob met the bus, took Lewis off the bus, knocked him over the head with a wooden crate, and left him unconscious on the bus station floor.
On one day in 1965, a day known as “Bloody Sunday,” Alabama state troopers in Selma hit civil rights demonstrators with tear gas, charged into them, and beat them with clubs. They broke John Lewis’s skull.
I’ve seen the scars on his head.
Somehow, all of that . . . pain . . . forged an outstanding Congressman. A champion on universal healthcare. A forceful proponent of gay rights. An apostle of peace.
This month, for only the second time in his 26 years in Congress, John Lewis faces a primary challenge. I don’t know who is running against him, and I don’t really care. Whoever he is, he has not earned the job the way that John Lewis has, and he can’t do the job the way that John Lewis does it.
I’m just glad that there are people like John Lewis in Congress.