1489 – Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, sold her kingdom to Venice. She was the last of the Lusignan dynasty.
1629 – A Royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1647 – During the Thirty Years War, France, Sweden, Bavaria and Cologne signed a Treaty of Neutrality.
1743 – First American town meeting was held at Boston’s Faneuil Hall.
1757 – British Admiral John Byng was executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty.
1794 – Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin.
1864 – Samuel Baker discovered another source of the Nile in East Africa. He named it Lake Albert Nyanza.
1891 – The submarine Monarch laid telephone cable along the bottom of the English Channel to prepare for the first telephone links across the Channel.
1900 – U.S. currency went on the gold standard with the ratification of the Gold Standard Act.
1900 – In Holland, Botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovered Mendel’s laws of heredity.
1901 – Utah Governor Heber M. Wells vetoed a bill that would have relaxed restrictions on polygamy.
1903 – The U.S. Senate ratified the Hay-Herran Treaty that guaranteed the U.S. the right to build a canal at Panama. The Columbian Senate rejected the treaty. A deal was signed on November 6, 1903 with the newly independent Panama.
1904 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the governments claim that the Northern Securities Company was an illegal merger between the Great Northern and Northern Pacific Railway companies.
1905 – French bankers refused to lend money to Russia until after their war.
1905 – The British House of Commons cited a need to compete with Germany in naval strength.
1906 – The island of Ustica was devastated by an earthquake.
1912 – An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempted to kill Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.
1914 – Henry Ford announced the new continuous motion method to assemble cars. The process decreased the time to make a car from 12½ hours to 93 minutes.
1915 – The British Navy sank the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.
1918 – An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.
1923 – President Harding became the first U.S. President to file an income tax report.
1932 – George Eastman, the founder of the Kodak company, committed suicide.
1936 – Adolf Hitler told a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself.
1939 – Hungary occupied the Carpatho-Ukraine. Slovakia declared its independence.
1945 – In Germany, a 22,000 pound “Grand Slam” bomb was dropped by the Royal Air Force Dumbuster Squad on the Beilefeld railway viaduct. It was the heaviest bomb used during World War II.
1947 – The U.S. signed a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.
1947 – Moscow announced that 890,532 German POWs were held in the U.S.S.R.
1951 – U.N. forces recaptured Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.
1958 – The U.S. government suspended arms shipments to the Batista government of Cuba.
1964 – A Dallas jury found Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald.
1967 – John F. Kennedy’s body was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent one.
1976 – Egypt formally abrogated the 1971 Treaty Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union.
1978 – An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon. The PLO bases were hit.
1979 – The Census Bureau reported that 95% of all Americans were married or would get married.
1979 – Near Peking, China, at least 200 people died when a Trident aircraft crashed into a factory.
1980 – A Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw. 87 people were killed. A 14-man U.S. boxing team was aboard the plane.
1981 – Three Pakistani airline hijackers surrendered in Syria after they had exchanged 100 passengers and crewmen for 54 Pakistani prisoners.
1983 – OPEC agreed to cut its oil prices by 15% for the first time in its 23-year history.
1991 – The “Birmingham Six,” imprisoned for 16 years for their alleged part in an IRA pub bombing, were set free after a court agreed that the police fabricated evidence.
1991 – Bolivian interior minister Guillermo Capobianco resigned after U.S. officials accused him of receiving money from drug traffickers.
1995 – American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket.
1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton committed $100 million for an anti-terrorism pact with Israel to track down and root out Islamic militants.
1998 – An earthquake left 10,000 homeless in southeastern Iran.
2002 – A Scottish appeals court upheld the conviction of a Libyan intelligence agent for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. A five-judge court ruled unanimously that Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi was guilty of bringing down the plane over Lockerbie, Scotland.
2003 – Robert Blake was released from jail on $1.5 million bail. Blake had been jailed for the murder of his wife Bonny Lee Bakley.
Misinformation is hard to avoid online, but we must hold the news to a higher standard of truth than internet pundits and armchair epidemiologists. The first amendment gives us the right to free speech, but it doesn’t give us the right to call opinion news. There must be consequences for knowingly spreading lies and marketing them as “news.”
New organizations are responsible for ensuring their information is factually correct. However, Fox News’ unabashedly propagandized pundits have no such qualms. From climate change to outrageous claims against coronavirus public health measures. Fox News routinely broadcasts false and misleading information, disguising news as propaganda.
Now, Fox News is spreading so much misinformation about Russia’s unjustified, unwarranted invasion of Ukraine that Russian state television broadcasts their clips with Russian subtitles. That’s just the beginning.
An independent study by the Kaiser Family Foundation found that Fox News viewers were three times more likely to believe COVID-19 misinformation than viewers who get their news from anywhere else. In fact, Fox News viewers are likely to be less informed than those who don’t watch any news and show decreased knowledge of science and society.
Fox News’ constant repetition of misinformation makes their views more misinformed and likely to act in ways that are dangerous to themselves and worsen the pandemic.
This isn’t the merits of one news organization versus another. This is about information that affects what happens to people, whether they get sick and eventually die from disease when they don’t have to, how they disregard a global climate disaster, and how they downplay war crimes at the hands of a Russian invasion. We must hold Fox News responsible and strip away their advertising.
Sign the petition to U.S companies: Stop advertising on Fox News
Inequality Media Civic Action
Pi has been calculated to over one trillion digits beyond its decimal point. As an irrational and transcendental number, it will continue infinitely without repetition or pattern. While only a handful of digits are needed for typical calculations, Pi’s infinite nature makes it a fun challenge to memorize, and to computationally calculate more and more digits.
What Is Pi In Math?
Pi (π) is the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. Pi is a constant number, meaning that for all circles of any size, Pi will be the same.
The diameter of a circle is the distance from edge to edge, measuring straight through the center. The circumference of a circle is the distance around.
History of Pi
By measuring circular objects, it has always turned out that a circle is a little more than 3 times its width around. In the Old Testament of the Bible (1 Kings 7:23), a circular pool is referred to as being 30 cubits around, and 10 cubits across. The mathematician Archimedes used polygons with many sides to approximate circles and determined that Pi was approximately 22/7. The symbol (Greek letter π) was first used in 1706 by William Jones. A ‘p’ was chosen for ‘perimeter’ of circles, and the use of π became popular after it was adopted by the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler in 1737. In recent years, Pi has been calculated to over one trillion digits past its decimal. Only 39 digits past the decimal are needed to accurately calculate the spherical volume of our entire universe, but because of Pi’s infinite & patternless nature, it’s a fun challenge to memorize, and to computationally calculate more and more digits.
Geometry (Geometry Calculators)
The number pi is extremely useful when solving geometry problems involving circles. Here are some examples:
The area of a circle (Area of a circle calculator).
A = πr2
Where ‘r’ is the radius (distance from the center to the edge of the circle). Also, this formula is the origin of the joke “Pies aren’t square, they’re round!”
The volume of a cylinder (Volume calculator).
V = πr2h
To find the volume of a rectangular prism, you calculate length x width x height. In that case, length x width is the area of one side (the base), which is then multiplied by the height of the prism. Similarly, to find the volume of a cylinder, you calculate the area of the base (the area of the circle), then multiply that by the height (h) of the cylinder.
Last Updated on July 25th, 2018