on this day 7/27 1974 – The U.S. Congress asked for impeachment procedures against President Richard Nixon. 

214 – At the Battle of Bouvines in France, Philip Augustus of France defeated John of England.

1245 – Frederick II was deposed by a council at Lyons after they found him guilty of sacrilege.

1663 – The British Parliament passed a second Navigation Act, which required all goods bound for the colonies be sent in British ships from British ports.

1689 – Government forces defeated the Scottish Jacobites at the Battle of Killiecrankie.

1694 – The Bank of England received a royal charter as a commercial institution.

1775 – Benjamin Rush began his service as the first Surgeon General of the Continental Army.

1784 – “Courier De L但merique” became the first French newspaper to be published in the United States. It was printed in Philadelphia, PA.

1777 – The marquis of Lafayette arrived in New England to help the rebellious American colonists fight the British.

1778 – The British and French fleets fought to a standoff in the first Battle of Ushant.

1789 – The Department of Foreign Affairs was established by the U.S. Congress. The agency was later known as the Department of State.

1804 – The 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. With the amendment Electors were directed to vote for a President and for a Vice-President rather than for two choices for President.

1866 – Cyrus Field successfully completed the Atlantic Cable. It was an underwater telegraph from North America to Europe.

1909 – Orville Wright set a record for the longest airplane flight. He was testing the first Army airplane and kept it in the air for 1 hour 12 minutes and 40 seconds.

1914 – British troops invaded the streets of Dublin, Ireland, and began to disarm Irish rebels.

1918 – The Socony 200 was launched. It was the first concrete barge and was used to carry oil.

1921 – Canadian biochemist Frederick Banting and associates announced the discovery of the hormone insulin.

1940 – Bugs Bunny made his official debut in the Warner Bros. animated cartoon “A Wild Hare.”

1944 – U.S. troops completed the liberation of Guam.

1947 – The World Water Ski Organization was founded in Geneva, Switzerland.

1953 – The armistice agreement that ended the Korean War was signed at Panmunjon, Korea.

1955 – The Allied occupation of Austria ended.

1964 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson sent an additional 5,000 advisers to South Vietnam.

1965 – In the U.S., the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act was signed into law. The law required health warnings on all cigarette packages. 

1967 – U.S. President Johnson appointed the Kerner Commission to assess the causes of the violence in the wake of urban rioting. 

1974 – The U.S. Congress asked for impeachment procedures against President Richard Nixon.

1980 – The deposed shah of Iran, Muhammad Riza Pahlavi, died in a hospital near Cairo, Egypt.

1984 – Pete Rose passed Ty Cobb痴 record for most singles in a career when he got his 3,503rd base hit.

1993 – IBM’s new chairman, Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., announced an $8.9 billion plan to cut the company’s costs.

1995 – The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC, by U.S. President Clinton and South Korean President Kim Young-sam.

1999 – The U.S. space shuttle Discovery completed a five-day mission commanded by Air Force Col. Eileen Collins. It was the first shuttle mission to be commanded by a woman. 

2006 – Intel Corp introduced its Core 2 Duo microprocessors.