In memory … Albert Einstein March 14, 1879 —


Albert Einstein famously said that “politics is more difficult than physics.”

  • Did You Know?: Einstein was asked to be the president of Israel, but he declined: After Chaim Weizmann, Israel’s first president, died in 1952, the country’s prime minister offered the job to Einstein.
  • Did You Know?: Einstein died after refusing surgery, saying, “I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.”
  • EDUCATION: Luitpold Gymnasium, Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule (Swiss Federal Polytechnic School)
  • PLACE OF BIRTH: Ulm, Württemberg, Germany BIRTH DATE: March 14, 1879
  • PLACE OF DEATH: Princeton, New Jersey

Resources: bio.com   history.com

1947 – The U.S. signed a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines


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1947 Military Bases Agreement gave the United States a 99-year lease on a number of Philippine military and naval bases in which U.S. authorities had virtual territorial rights. In August 1951, a mutual defense treaty (MDT) was signed between representatives of the Philippines and the United States.Ambassador Jose Manuel Romualdez: Chargé d’Affaires John C. LawPhilippine Embassy, Washington, D.C.: United States Embassy, Manila

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history… march 14


1489 – Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, sold her kingdom to Venice. She was the last of the Lusignan dynasty.

1629 – A Royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1647 – During the Thirty Years War, France, Sweden, Bavaria and Cologne signed a Treaty of Neutrality.

1743 – First American town meeting was held at Boston’s Faneuil Hall.

1757 – British Admiral John Byng was executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty.

1794 – Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin.

1864 – Samuel Baker discovered another source of the Nile in East Africa. He named it Lake Albert Nyanza.

1891 – The submarine Monarch laid telephone cable along the bottom of the English Channel to prepare for the first telephone links across the Channel.

1900 – U.S. currency went on the gold standard with the ratification of the Gold Standard Act.

1900 – In Holland, Botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovered Mendel’s laws of heredity.

1901 – Utah Governor Heber M. Wells vetoed a bill that would have relaxed restrictions on polygamy.

1903 – The U.S. Senate ratified the Hay-Herran Treaty that guaranteed the U.S. the right to build a canal at Panama. The Columbian Senate rejected the treaty. A deal was signed on November 6, 1903 with the newly independent Panama.

1904 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the governments claim that the Northern Securities Company was an illegal merger between the Great Northern and Northern Pacific Railway companies.

1905 – French bankers refused to lend money to Russia until after their war.

1905 – The British House of Commons cited a need to compete with Germany in naval strength.

1906 – The island of Ustica was devastated by an earthquake.

1912 – An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempted to kill Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.

1914 – Henry Ford announced the new continuous motion method to assemble cars. The process decreased the time to make a car from 12― hours to 93 minutes.

1915 – The British Navy sank the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.

1918 – An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.

1923 – President Harding became the first U.S. President to file an income tax report.

1932 – George Eastman, the founder of the Kodak company, committed suicide.

1936 – Adolf Hitler told a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself.

1939 – Hungary occupied the Carpatho-Ukraine. Slovakia declared its independence.

1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office.

1945 – In Germany, a 22,000 pound “Grand Slam” bomb was dropped by the Royal Air Force Dumbuster Squad on the Beilefeld railway viaduct. It was the heaviest bomb used during World War II.

1947 – The U.S. signed a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.

1947 – Moscow announced that 890,532 German POWs were held in the U.S.S.R.

1951 – U.N. forces recaptured Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.

1958 – The U.S. government suspended arms shipments to the Batista government of Cuba.

1964 – A Dallas jury found Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald.

1967 – John F. Kennedy’s body was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent one.

1976 – Egypt formally abrogated the 1971 Treaty Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union.

1978 – An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon. The PLO bases were hit.

1979 – The Census Bureau reported that 95% of all Americans were married or would get married.

1979 – Near Peking, China, at least 200 people died when a Trident aircraft crashed into a factory.

1980 – A Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw. 87 people were killed. A 14-man U.S. boxing team was aboard the plane.

1981 – Three Pakistani airline hijackers surrendered in Syria after they had exchanged 100 passengers and crewmen for 54 Pakistani prisoners.

1983 – OPEC agreed to cut its oil prices by 15% for the first time in its 23-year history.

1989 – Imported assault guns were banned in the U.S. under President George H.W. Bush.

1991 – The “Birmingham Six,” imprisoned for 16 years for their alleged part in an IRA pub bombing, were set free after a court agreed that the police fabricated evidence.

1991 – Bolivian interior minister Guillermo Capobianco resigned after U.S. officials accused him of receiving money from drug traffickers.

1995 – American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket.

1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton committed $100 million for an anti-terrorism pact with Israel to track down and root out Islamic militants.

1998 – An earthquake left 10,000 homeless in southeastern Iran.

2002 – A Scottish appeals court upheld the conviction of a Libyan intelligence agent for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. A five-judge court ruled unanimously that Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi was guilty of bringing down the plane over Lockerbie, Scotland.

2003 – Robert Blake was released from jail on $1.5 million bail. Blake had been jailed for the murder of his wife Bonny Lee Bakley.

on-this-day.com

Women’s history Month –


just a few listed below …

1992 – Carol Moseley-Braun became the first African-American woman U.S. senator. 

1992- Dr Mae Carol Jemison First African American Woman in Space

Maya Angelou ...known for her enormous output of poetry, essays, autobiography and theater, she captured the essence of what it meant to be a woman, an African American, and a sensitive and forward-thinking citizen of this nation and the world.  

 1957 – Althea Gibson became the first black woman to win a major U.S. tennis title when she won the Women’s National clay-court singles competition.

Mary Jackson   retired from the NASA Langley Research Center in 1985 as an Aeronautical Engineer after 34 years. NASA pioneer

Janet Emerson Bashen is the first African-American woman to receive a patent for developing LinkLine software, an equal opportunity program which tracks EEO investigations from the beginning to the end stages.

Dorothy Vaughan,  head of the NACA’s segregated West Area Computing Unit, Vaughan was both a respected mathematician and NASA’s first African-American manager. NASA pioneer

Elizabeth Peratrovich was a civil rights leader ahead of her time. Her activism led to passage of the Alaska Territory’s first anti-discrimination act (1945).

Katherine Johnson, said her greatest contribution to space exploration was the calculations that helped synch Project Apollo’s Lunar Lander with the moon-orbiting Command and Service Module. She also worked on the Space Shuttle and the Earth Resources Satellite, and authored or coauthored 26 research reports

Elizabeth Peratrovich   An Alaska Native of the Tlingit nation grew up in a small Alaska village and was orphaned at a young age. She and her husband Roy, also of the Tlingit nation, had three children and moved to Juneau seeking more opportunities.

2017 Aramis Ayala:The 1st Black Woman state Attorney said no to death penalty

1925 Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is sworn in as the first woman governor in the United States.

MAMÁ TINGÓ Florinda Soriano Munoz, known as Mamá Tingó, was born on November 8, 1921, in the Dominican Republic. A peasant farmer, or campesino, she fought for the land rights of fellow campesinos as a member of the Federation of Christian Agrarian Leagues, a group of over 350 who stood for the right to their lands for decades after unjust redistribution. Though elderly and illiterate, she was an effective and passionate leader.

Shonda Rhimes TV writer and producer  and her many complex Black women heroines

Pat Maginnis was the first abortion activist in U.S. history. From distributing leaflets on a street corner to an illegal underground railroad of abortion services, she is an unsung hero in the fight for reproductive justice.

Pauli Murray was a civil rights and women’s rights activist decades ahead of her time. Facing lifelong discrimination based on her race and sex, she persisted and became an accomplished attorney, author, activist, academic, and spiritual leader.

LILI’UOKALANI The first and last queen of Hawai’i, Lili’uokalani was born Lydia Lili’uloloku Walania Wewehi Kamaka’eha on September 2, 1838. When King Kamehameha V died in 1874, Lydia’s brother was selected to rule. Three years later she was named heir to the throne. Her name changed from Lydia to Lili’uokalani to represent her royal lineage. Her brother ruled until his death in 1891, when she took his place.

Dr. Olivia Hooker, 1st Black Woman in U.S. Coast Guard

1925   Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is sworn in as the first woman governor in the United States.

Margaret Dunkle played a key role in implementing Title IX, the law that transformed education for women and girls, from athletic fields to graduate schools. Her groundbreaking 1974 report documenting discrimination against female athletes became the blueprint for the Title IX regulations on athletics.

1942 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps becomes the first woman colonel in the U.S. Army.
1918 Women are scheduled to march in the St. Patrick’s Day Parade in New York due to a shortage of men.

Saru Jayaraman Attorney  responded to the 9/11 tragedy by organizing displaced World Trade Center workers and co-founding ROC United. A national labor leader and researcher, she helps restaurant workers mobilize with employers and consumers for better wages and working conditions through policy change, workplace justice campaigns, cooperatively-owned restaurants, and more.