1972 – The U.S. Senate passed the Equal Rights Amendment. It was not ratified by the states.


ERA-1970s-5-300dpi.jpg

March 22, 1972 – The Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Senate and then sent to the states for ratification.

The ERA, as it became known, prohibited discrimination on the basis of gender, stating, “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex,” and that “the Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.”

Although 22 of the required 38 states quickly ratified the Amendment, opposition arose over concerns that women would be subject to the draft and combat duty, along with other legal concerns.

The ERA eventually failed (by 3 states) to achieve ratification despite an extension of the deadline to June 1982.

Source: internet

1988 – The Congress overrode U.S. President Reagan’s veto of a sweeping civil rights bill


See the source image

Although President Ronald Reagan vetoed the Bill, as he had promised to do, Congress overrode the President’s veto by 73–24 in the Senate and 292–133 in the House. It was the first veto of a civil rights act since Andrew Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866.

history… march 22


1457 – Gutenberg Bible became the first printed book.

1622 – Indians attacked a group of colonist in the James River area of Virginia. 347 residents were killed.

1630 – The first legislation to prohibit gambling was enacted. It was in Boston, MA.

1638 – Anne Hutchinsoon, a religious dissident, was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1719 – Frederick William abolished serfdom on crown property in Prussia.

1733 – Joseph Priestly invented carbonated water (seltzer).

1765 – The Stamp Act was passed. It was the first direct British tax on the American colonists. It was repealed on March 17, 1766.

1775 – Edmund Burke presented his 13 articles to the English parliament.

1790 – Thomas Jefferson became the first U.S. Secretary of State.

1794 – The U.S. Congress banned U.S. vhttps://on-this-day.comessels from supplying slaves to other countries.

1822 – New York Horticultural Society was founded.

1841 – Englishman Orlando Jones patented cornstarch.

1871 – William Holden of North Carolina became the first governor to be removed by impeachment.

1872 – Illinois became the first state to require sexual equality in employment.

1873 – Slavery was abolished in Puerto Rico.

1874 – The Young Men’s Hebrew Association was organized in New York City.

1882 – The U.S. Congress outlawed polygamy.

1888 – The English Football League was established.

1894 – The first playoff competition for the Stanley Cup began. Montreal played Ottawa.

1895 – Auguste and Louis Lumiere showed their first movie to an invited audience in Paris.

1901 – Japan proclaimed that it was determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea.

1902 – Great Britain and Persia agreed to link Europe and India by telegraph.

1903 – Niagara Falls ran out of water due to a drought.

1903 – In Columbia, the region near Galera De Zamba was devastated by a volcanic eruption.

1904 – The first color photograph was published in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror.

1905 – Child miners in Britain received a maximum 8-hour workday.

1906 – France lost the first ever rugby game ever played against Britain.

1907 – Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces.

1907 – In Paris, it was reported that male cab drivers dressed as women to attract riders.

1910 – In Liberia, a telegraph cable linked Tenerife and Monrovia.

1911 – Herman Jadlowker became the first opera singer to perform two major roles in the same day at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.

1915 – A German zeppelin made a night raid on Paris railway stations.

1919 – The first international airline service was inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels.

1933 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill legalizing the sale and possession of beer and wine containing up to 3.2% alcohol.

1934 – The first Masters golf championship began in Augusta, GA.

1935 – In New York, blood tests were authorized as evidence in court cases.

1935 – Persia was renamed Iran.

1941 – The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington began operations.

1943 – The Dutch workweek was extended to 54 hours.

1943 – Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium.

1945 – The Arab League was formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt.

1946 – The British granted Transjordan independence.

1946 – The first U.S. built rocket to leave the earth’s atmosphere reached a height of 50-miles.

1947 – The Greek government imposed martial law in Laconia and southern Greece.

1948 – The United States announced a land reform plan for Korea.

1948 – “The Voice of Firestone” became the first commercial radio program to be carried simultaneously on both AM and FM radio stations.

1954 – The first shopping mall opened in Southfield, Michigan.

1954 – The London gold market reopened for the first time since 1939.

1956 – Perry Como became the first major TV variety-show host to book a rock and roll act on his program. The act was Carl Perkins.

1960 – A.L. Schawlow & C.H. Townes obtained a patent for the laser. It was the first patent for any laser.

1965 – U.S. confirmed that its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong.

1972 – The U.S. Senate passed the Equal Rights Amendment. It was not ratified by the states.

1974 – The Viet Cong proposed a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general elections.

1975 – Walt Disney World Shopping Village opened.
Disney movies, music and books

1977 – The Dutch Den Uyl government fell.

1977 – Comedienne Lily Tomlin made her debut on Broadway in “Lily Tomlin on Stage” in New York.

1977 – Indira Ghandi resigned as the prime minister of India.

1978 – Karl Wallenda, of the Flying Wallendas, fell to his death while walking a cable strung between to hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

1979 – The National Hockey League (NHL) voted to accept 4 WHA teams, the Oilers, Jets, Nordiques & Whalers.

1980 – People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) was founded by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco.

1981 – U.S. Postage rates went from 15-cents to 18-cents an ounce.

1981 – RCA put its Selectra Vision laser disc players on the market.

1981 – A group of twelve Green Berets arrived in El Salvador. This brought the total number of advisors to fifty-four.

1981 – The first Mongolian entered space aboard the Russian Soyuz 39.

1982 – The Space Shuttle Columbia was launched into orbit on mission STS-3. It was the third orbital flight for the Columbia.

1987 – A barge loaded with 32,000 tons of refuse left Islip, NY, to find a place to unload. After being refused by several states and three countries space was found back in Islip.

1988 – The Congress overrode U.S. President Reagan‘s veto of a sweeping civil rights bill.

1989 – Oliver North began two days of testimony at his Iran-Contra trial in Washington, DC.

1989 – The U.S. House Ways and Means Committee reported the class gap was widening.

1990 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, found Captain Hazelwood not guilty in the Valdez oil spill.

1991 – Pamela Smart, a high school teacher, was found guilty in New Hampshire of manipulating her student-lover to kill her husband.

1992 – A Fokker F-28 veered off a runway at New York’s LaGuardia airport and into Flushing Bay, killing 27 people.

1993 – Cleveland Indians pitchers Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed in a boating accident in Florida. Bob Ojeda was seriously injured in the accident.

1993 – Intel introduced the Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS.

1995 – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returned to Earth after setting a record for 438 days in space.

1997 – Tara Lipinski, at 14 years and 10 months, became the youngest women’s world figure skating champion.

2002 – The U.S. Postal Rate Commission approved a request for a postal rate increase of first-class stamps from 34 cents to 37 cents by June 30. It was the first time a postal rate case was resolved through a settlement between various groups. The groups included the U.S. Postal Service, postal employees, mailer groups and competitors.

2002 – A collection of letters and cards sent by Princess Diana of Wales sold for $33,000. The letters and cards were written to a former housekeeper at Diana’s teenage home.

2017 – In Jerusalem, the tomb of Jesus reopened after a restoration project.

2018 – The New York Stock Exchange announced that their first woman head would be Stacey Cunningam.

Source: on-this-day.com

1988 – The Congress overrode U.S. President Reagan’s veto of a sweeping civil rights bill.


Congressional Override of a Veto by President Ronald Reagan
March 22, 1988

Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
Congressional Override of a Veto by President Ronald Reagan
Speaker of the House, Jim Wright of Texas served a total of 18 terms in the House of Representatives.
On this date, by a vote of 292 to 133, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in overriding President Ronald Reagan’s veto of S. 557. Also known as the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987, the bill amended Title IX (Prohibition of Sex Discrimination) of the Education Amendments of 1972, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 1984, the Supreme Court rendered a decision in the sexual discrimination case, Grove City v. Bell, ruling federal anti-discrimination law can only be applied to federally funded programs. In response to the court decision, the new law broadened the scope of applicability to close up loop holes in civil rights laws. Before Congress passed S.557, President Reagan threatened to veto the legislation. Speaker of the House, Jim Wright of Texas informed President Reagan that it would be, “ill-advised” to veto the legislation. Once the President signed the veto on March 16th, Wright stated that he was “confident that the Senate and House will move swiftly to override this unfortunate and shortsighted veto.” The President “may want to turn the clock back on Civil Rights, but the American people do not,” Wright said.

Related Highlight Subjects
Artifacts in the House Collection
Civil Rights
Legislation
Reagan, Ronald
Speaker of the House
Veto
Wright, Jim

history.house.gov