1692: Massachusetts Governor Sir William Phips ends the Salem Witch Trials by sending a letter officially closing the matter.
- 1773: The first insane asylum in the United States opens on this day.
- 1792: New York City holds its first Columbus Day Celebration NOW, due to further research and evidence has been changed over the years to Indigenous People’s Day
- 1793: The cornerstone of the oldest state university in the U.S – Old East – is laid on the campus at the University of North Carolina.
- 1823: The first raincoat is sold by Charles Macintosh.
- 1918: A huge forest fire in Cloquet, Minnesota ends up killing over 450 people.
- 1928: For the first time, an iron lung respirator is used at a Children’s Hospital in Boston.
- 1933: Alcatraz Citadel becomes Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary when it’s changed from a military fort and prison to a civilian prison.
- 1942: After the Battle of Cape Esperance during World War II, Japanese naval forces retreat.
- 1944: During World War II, the Axis occupation of the Greek city of Athens comes to an end on this day.
- 1945:S Army Corporeal who served as a combat medic during World War II, becomes the first conscientious objector to ever receive the United States Medal of Honor.
- 1960: Leader of the Japanese Socialist Party, Inejiro Asanuma is stabbed to death during a live television broadcast.