1972 – Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon.

Apollo 16 logo.

Apollo 16 changed the way scientists think of the Moon. On April 21, 1972, Commander John W. Young and Charles M. Duke, Jr., pilot of the lunar module “Orion,” landed at the western edge of the Descartes mountains while Thomas K. Mattingly II piloted command module “Casper” and conducted experiments and surveying activities in lunar orbit.