BUNCE ISLAND: BRITISH SLAVE TRADING POST IN THE 18TH CENTURY


 POSTED BY JAE JONES – APRIL 25, 2021 – BLACK CULTURELATEST POSTSSLAVERY

Bunce Island is an island in the Sierra Leone River. It is situated in Freetown Harbour, the estuary of the Rokel River and Port Loko Creek, about 20 miles upriver from Sierra Leone’s capital city Freetown.

The early history of the castle begins with it being operated by two London-based firms, the Gambia Adventurers and the Royal African Company of England, the latter a “Crown-chartered company,” subsidized by the British government. The castle was not commercially successful at this period, but it served as a symbol of British influence in the region.

The first phase of the castle’s history ended in 1728 when an Afro-Portuguese competitor, José Lopez da Moura, who was involved in the slave trade, raided Bunce Island. The castle was abandoned until the mid-1740s.

During the second phase of the castle, Bunce Island was operated later by two London-based companies: Grant, Oswald & Company and John & Alexander Anderson, and at that period it was a highly profitable enterprise. During the second half of the 18th century, the companies sent thousands of African captives from Bunce Island to British- and French-controlled islands in the West Indies and to Britain’s North American colonies. The London-based owners grew wealthy from the castle’s operations.

During the early history of the castle, Afro-Portuguese sold slaves and local products there. During its late history, Afro-English families, such as the Caulkers, Tuckers, and Cleveland’s, sold slaves at Bunce Island. The slave ships came from the British ports of London, Liverpool, and Bristol; from Newport, Rhode Island in the North American colonies; and from France and Denmark. They transported slaves mostly to the Caribbean and the American South.

French naval forces attacked the Island four times in 1695, 1704, 1779, and 1794, causing extreme damage or destroying it.
The castle was also attacked by Pirates twice in 1719 and again in 1720, including Bartholomew Roberts, or “Black Bart,” the most notorious pirate of the 18th century. Bunce Island shut down for slave trading and completely abandoned around 1840.

sources:

https://glc.yale.edu/lectures/evening-lectures/past-lectures/20042005/bunce-island/bunce-island-history

1968 – Students seized the administration building at Ohio State University


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On April 26, LaQuita Henry walked into the main administration building at The Ohio State University like she had done on the same day, and nearly the same time, 50 years earlier. The circumstances, though, could not have been more different.

“I believe we were actually there a little bit before 10 a.m. It was right before noon that the administration building was taken over because there was so much resistance to what was being stated and what we were trying to negotiate – a change on campus,” Henry said.

Henry was one of the leaders of the Black Student Union at Ohio State who staged a protest inside what is now Bricker Hall to bring issues of educational inequality, racial disparities and police misconduct to the attention of university leadership in 1968. The flashpoint for the protest came after four black female students were kicked off a bus and allegedly harassed by campus police. Once the protest began, students pushed for more diversity in academic leadership, courses and the student body.

Fifty years later, the Ohio State Alumni Association and the Office of Diversity and Inclusion (ODI) hosted a series of events last weekend to honor those students.

Henry joined several of her former classmates on a bus tour of the Columbus campus to get a sense of how much the university has changed. They were also the guests at receptions hosted by the alumni association, ODI and the African American and African Studies Community Extension Center, and they were guests of President Michael V. Drake.

John Sidney Evans was the spokesman for the Black Student Union at the time of the protests. He, like 33 of his peers, was expelled and criminally charged for the takeover of the administration building.

All had to fight to clear their names and reverse their expulsions. Evans said they also had to fight for their place in history.