Next week–June 13th– U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions will testify before Congress to discuss his budget proposal for the Department of Justice– i.e. how exactly he plans to fund his Law & Order agenda and reignite the so-called War on Drugs. We know that this move by Sessions, backed by Trump administration has been decades in the making. We’ve been here before. And the stories of how this wage that has been waged on our communities are powerful.
That’s why this same day hundreds of Color of Change members are gathering in each other’s homes and communities in opposition to Sessions and viewing Ava Duvernay’s groundbreaking Netflix Original film “13th.”
And we’re inviting our dopest Color of Change members to host a “13th” screening party of their own to stand in opposition with us on the day Sessions testifies.
Compensation for Land Seizure The case that was before the High Court was brought by the Oglala Sioux in July 1980, several weeks after the Supreme Court resolved an earlier lawsuit by awarding all eight Sioux tribes $105 million as compensation for the Federal Government’s seizure of the Black Hills through an act of Congress in 1877.
Premier was an American brand of smokeless cigarettes which was owned and manufactured by the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJR). Premier was released in the United States in 1988. It was the first commercial heated tobacco product. However, it was difficult to use and tasted unpleasant; as a result, it was unpopular with consumers.
President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints U.S. Court of Appeals Judge Thurgood Marshall to fill the seat of retiring Supreme Court Associate Justice Tom C. Clark. On August 30, after a heated debate, the Senate confirmed Marshall’s nomination by a vote of 69 to 11. Two days later, he was sworn in by Chief Justice Earl Warren, making him the first African American in history to sit on America’s highest court.
The great-grandson of slaves, Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1908. In 1933, after studying under the tutelage of civil liberties lawyer Charles H. Houston, he received his law degree from Howard University in Washington, D.C. In 1936, he joined the legal division of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), of which Houston was director, and two years later succeeded his mentor in the organization’s top legal post.
As the NAACP’s chief counsel from 1938 to 1961, he argued 32 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, successfully challenging racial segregation, most notably in public education. He won 29 of these cases, including a groundbreaking victory in 1954’s Brown v. Board of Education, in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation violated the 14th Amendment to the Constitution and was thus illegal. The decision served as a great impetus for the African American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and ultimately led to the abolishment of segregation in all public facilities and accommodations.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals, but his nomination was opposed by many Southern senators, and he was not confirmed until the next year. In June 1967, President Johnson nominated him to the Supreme Court, and in late August he was confirmed. During his 24 years on the high court, Associate Justice Marshall consistently challenged discrimination based on race or sex, opposed the death penalty, and supported the rights of criminal defendants. He also defended affirmative action and women’s right to reproductive freedom. As appointments by a largely Republican White House changed the politics of the Court, Marshall found his liberal opinions increasingly in the minority. He retired in 1991, and two years later passed away.
Just 16 days left until Congress’ two-week-long recess, and with it one of our most important opportunities to strengthen our democracy.
We can’t get lost in the ever-changing news cycle and lose sight of our big goal: pass transformative democracy reform and eliminate the filibuster to do it. And as experts have told us, our top priorities need to pass in just a few short months, which is why we’re organizing around a Deadline for Democracy.
It’s going to take a massive wave of grassroots energy and support to do it, including pressuring every single senator to do the right thing and protect our democracy. Luckily, that sort of grassroots pressure is what this movement has been honing for years.
We’re putting the final touches on our big Deadline for Democracy plan (expect more details very very soon!), but we already know the big picture: events across the country, as much media coverage as we can muster, thousands of phone calls, and every other way we can make it clear to senators that their constituents demand real progress. We need your support to provide all the tools and resources it’ll take to pull it off. From writing scripts and hosting call pages to mailing out event merch to running ads and driving sign-ups, making this recess a success is going to cost us hundreds of thousands of dollars.
The measures we’re demanding — the For the People Act and all our other top democracy reform bills — are what’s needed to build a better democracy and ensure fair representation for all. And our demonstration of people power will make it clear just how important these measures are. Every action you take has a real impact, and we’re grateful for everything you do to take part in this movement.