Barbecue – History of Barbecue


 

Image result for Ellsworth B. A. Zwoyer of Pennsylvania patented a design for charcoal briquettes in 189 To barbecue means to slow-cook meat at a low temperature.

Zwoyer’s Design Patent #D27483 – charcoal briquette.

 

To barbecue means to slow-cook meat at a low temperature for a long time over wood or charcoal. In America, barbecue (or BBQ) originated in the late 1800’s during Western cattle drives. The cowboys were fed the less than perfect cuts of meat, often brisket, a tough and stringy piece of meat that required five to seven hours of cooking to tenderize. Other barbecue meats used were pork butt, pork ribs, beef ribs, venison and goat.

However, barbecue was not invented in America and no one knows who invented the barbecue. The word ‘Barbecue’ might come from the Taino Indian word ‘barbacoa’ meaning meat-smoking apparatus. ‘Barbecue’ could have also originated from the French word “Barbe a queue” which means “whiskers-to-tail.”

No one is sure of the correct origins of the word.

Who Invented the Charcoal Briquette?

Ellsworth B. A. Zwoyer of Pennsylvania patented a design for charcoal briquettes in 1897. (See the image to the right) After World War One, the Zwoyer Fuel Company built charcoal briquette manufacturing plants in the United States with plants in Buffalo, NY and Fall River, MA.

There are stories circulating that Henry Ford invented the very first briquette in 1920 with the help of Thomas Edison. However, the 1897 patent obviously predates this and Ford and Edison both knew Zwoyer.

Ford is the man who popularized the gas-powered car in America and invented the assembly line for automobile manufacturing. Ford created a briquette from the wood scraps and sawdust from his car factory.

E.G. Kingsford bought Ford’s briquette and placed it into commercial production.

Urge Congressional Leaders to #ProtectBlackDissent


Newly leaked documents show that the FBI has lied about the extent of its tracking of Black activists, while consistently obscuring the real threat of white supremacy.1 In the wake of recent attacks in Dayton, OH, Gilroy, CA and El Paso, TX, it’s time for Congress to act quickly and decisively to hold the Bureau accountable.

FBI director Christopher Wray testified to Congress earlier this year that his agency no longer uses the “Black Identity Extremist” (BIE) label and that they focus on violence and not ideology in determining what to investigate.2 Yet documents obtained by The Young Turks make clear that the Bureau under Trump has not only continued programs related to the groundless BIE label, but prioritized these investigations over the targeting of white supremacists and other known terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda. They also developed a new infiltration program called “Iron Fist” to “mitigate the threat posed by the BIE movement at a national level” — without citing any actual terrorist activities conducted by these groups.

The FBI cannot be trusted. We’re calling on Congressional leaders to help end “Iron Fist” and all FBI programs based on the made-up “Black Identity Extremist” label, to stop the Bureau from grouping white supremacist incidents with Black protests against police violence, and to force them to be transparent about the funding used to investigate domestic terrorist groups.

The FBI is directing its resources into improperly surveilling and criminalizing Black activists for their right to dissent at the exact time white supremacists are organizing online and violently attacking communities of color. This dangerous prioritization and false assessment is putting millions of lives at risk.

Join us today in urging Rep. Elijah Cummings (Chair of the House Oversight & Reform Committee), Rep. Jerry Nadler (Chair of the House Judiciary Committee), and Rep. Bennie G. Thompson (Chair of the House Homeland Security Committee) to use their oversight powers to force the FBI to meet our demands and #ProtectBlackDissent.

Partners:

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Sources:
1. Leaked FBI Documents Reveal Bureau’s Priorities Under Trump, The Young Turks
2. FBI Abandons Use of Term “Black Identity Extremism, The Wall Street Journal

War On Women … it’s 2019 and the era of trump has got to end!


Womenshc

The War On Women …

In this era of trump, it appears as if inappropriate behavior on so many levels has not only found folks inciting, perpetrating and or engaging in intimidation; it also seems ok all over the World not just here in the good’ole US of A.  There are folks assaulting women, beating POC, some are  participating in hate crimes, others are not only tossing out threats like these things aren’t against the law. Now, there are reports of folks more willing to commit mass murder in the name of MAGA   ….it has to stop

In 2016, we saw conservative activists and Republican Governors assaulting not only a woman’s right to choose but making it incredibly difficult for Women to get to a clinic by quietly closing them one after the other. Thing is, these clinics also provide other services …like mammograms, cancer screenings, referrals and when it comes to abortions the idea that someone least we talk about a potus would state that women should receive some sort of punishment, gets a …wtf?

Question, do you think anyone in the White House has done research on unsafe abortions at all? or cares?

In a nation created by and of immigrants, the current guy, holding power as POTUS, seems to lean toward white nationalism, was is a birther and his War On Women flag was confirmed when he gave employers control over a woman’s body… that’s my take.  It’s bad enough that clinics are being systematically closed by those leaning right, but now women in need of any type of reproductive procedure must travel several miles for it! If they can travel.  These clinics, which are there to help women and men, are now left without safe affordable health care close enough that delivers “health care” in all its forms. The loss of these clinics and the impact on regular women rarely get news coverage; continue to be quietly eliminated along with killing the reputations of doctors.

Unfortunately, Doctors in the business of helping women by providing general health care as well as safe reproductive products/ procedures have suffered over thirty years of intimidation, threats and violence, were in the crosshairs of a republican trifecta with an odd take on family values! It is a sad day when their strange family values are pushing women, forcing them to fight for or struggle with health issues that affluent women probably do not!

We must remind folks of what facilities like Planned Parenthood do…

Why is it so difficult for people like brett kavanaugh to believe and accept that women at the age of 17 and older who request a reproductive procedure understand that it is a right, not a privilege. While it seems like providing a place where safe affordable health care is given is the right thing to do, oddly enough it still needs to be reiterated to republicans…so let us say it over and over …Women exercising their right to choose at this moment is constitutional! It’s about Freedom and CHOICE.  I have to admit, one would assume that republicans, pledging to be Constitutionalist would back away from actions that clearly conflict with laws on the books least we talk about the idea that freedom and choice sound like at least two beliefs conservatives seem to push whenever possible but of course only when it suits their ideology … going out of their way to disrespect a woman’s intelligence and  or the relationship with their doctor’s by legislating against it, is shameful.

~ Nativegrl77