June Solstice: Longest and Shortest Day of the Year

By Vigdis Hocken and Aparna Kher

The June solstice is the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.

Earth's position in relation to the Sun's rays at the June solstice.
Position of Earth in relation to the Sun during the June solstice (not to scale).© timeanddate.com

Different Dates

The date varies between June 20 and June 22, depending on the year, and the local time zone.

June Solstice in Seattle, Washington, USA is on
Sunday, June 20, 2021 at 8:32 pm PDT (Change city)

June Solstice in Universal Coordinated Time is on
Monday, June 21, 2021 at 03:32 UTC

Zenith Furthest Away from the Equator

A solstice happens when the sun’s zenith is at its furthest point from the equator. On the June solstice, it reaches its northernmost point and the Earth’s North Pole tilts directly towards the sun, at about 23.4 degrees.

It’s also known as the northern solstice because it occurs when the sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere.

Source: timeanddate.com